ZANYAR KURD BAV ROBOT KOMPTER

SMAL CEZR

A. Bal

(Ebul z smail el-Rezzaz el-Cezr el-Kurd)

 

Zanna veneguhere pratk, ew di navbeyn a rastiy de dimne!..

                                                                                                     - Cezr -

 

 

SMAL CEZR

(1136-1206)

 

ro li ser ry erd qas 3600 ziman tne axaftin. Ji vana hinek zimann dewletan in, yn din j, ji aliy netewn bindest ve tn axaftin. Netewn di drok de byn xwedan dewletn mezin, wana heya ro ziman xwe j parastine p de birine. L netewn wek Kurdan bindest mayn j, piraniya hebnn xwe yn netew ba neparastine ew ji aliy dewlet netewn dagirker ve hatiye dizn! Kurd li ser erda bav kaln xwe bi hezaran sal e, ku l dijn. Ew xwedan and zimanek dewlemendin. L i mixabin dewletn wek Ereb, Tirk Faris dixwazin dewlemendiya anda Kurdan nkar bikin anda ji Kurdan dizn, dixwazin tev anda xwe bikin. Gelek dewlet dixwazin kesn Kurd yn dahner (mucd, catkar) zana ptol (feylesof), ew dixwazin wana wek Ereb, Tirk Faris bidin nasandin. Ji wana yek j zanay bi nav xwe y kurt t nasn smal Cezr ye.  Ew ji era Botan e. Di sala 1136 an de li Cezr li taxa bi nav Dery iya tye navkirin l hatiy dinyay. Nav w smal ji Cezr ye. Nav bav w j, Rzaz e. Yan law Rzaz, smal ji Cezr- Ji bo v j bi kurtah j re Cezr hatiye gotin. Di dema ew jiyay de ji bo ku tukes wek w zana zrek nn bye. Bi wateya kes b emsal y her rind qenc, j re Ereban gotiye Bed-z Zaman Ebl-z smal bn El-Razaz El-Cezr El Kurd. Cezr law tacrek Kurd e. Di xortaniya xwe de li Amed ketiye bin xizmeta Dewleta Artukiyan. Artukiyan hikm xwe di navbeyna saln 1101-1409 an de li naveya Eskf (Hesenkyf), Amed (Diyarbekr), Mrdn Xarpt (Elezz) kirine. Ew dewlet di sala 1409 an de ji aliy Dewleta Karakoyunliyan ve ji ort hatiy rakirin. Di qesra Artukiyan de Cezr wek endezyar xebitiye. Ew mirovek jr bi fereset gelek j zrek bye. Di ew qurna ya sedsalan ber, dema elektrk tune by de, makneyn b elektrk, bes bi tesra av ewna ji aliy Cezr ve li chan cara yekemn hatine afirandin hatine xebitandin. Dahner ew makneyan smal Cezr di zanngehn chan de tye xwendin tye nasn. Cezr dahnn (catn) xwe di karn rojane de, di qesra hikumdarn Artukiyan de ewna bi kar anne. Di dema xwe de, l ro j ew mirovek zanistzan b emsal e!.. Pwst e, ku Kurd serokn Kurdan j w batirn binasin nav w bidin zanngehn makne teknk. Nav Cezr keseyatiya w ewqas bilind e, ku ew di nav Kurdn nemir de ye L i mixabin di dema em t de dijn de end Kurdn w ba dinasin hene? Tirk di nav xwe de w Tirk, Ereb j w wek Ereb dixwazin bipejrin. L nav w li chan di nav kesn her mezin de wek kesek Kurd derbas dibe.

Bes ne bi pesinandin bi karn Cezr kirin, ez dixwazim, w bi we bidim nasandin. Di berhema xwe behsa 60 dahnn (icatan) n dike bi rengn ikl wana j di berhema xwe de bi xzn rengn pdar me dike. smal Cezr ji aliy zanyarn chan ve bi nav fzknas yekem bi wateya njen ya droka zanist t nasn. W cara yekem li chan bingeha robot kvjimar (kompter) avtiye bi pergaln (alet-makne)  xwe mnakn yekemn afirandine. Di mijara Mekank Dnamk de berhema w li chan di nav gavn yekemn de tye pejirandin. Ew bi van dahnn xwe di nav dahnarn (mucd) chan yn girng de t nasn tye bi navkirin.

smal Cezr di sala 1183 an de dest bi nivsandina berhema xwe dike w di navbeyna 25 salan de tewaw dike. Ew pirtka dahnan ya w dem ji bo ku ziman dewlet y ferm ziman Ereb bye, berhem j bi ziman Ereb hatiye nivsin. Pirtk ji bo bi ziman Ereb hatiye nivsn, ji v al ve Ereb, di aliy din de Tirk j, ji bo ku w dem hikumdarn Tirkmenan li wir btir hikum dikirin, ew j dixwazin Cezr wek Tirk bidin nasandin. i heyf e, ku bes em Kurd nav w zanyar nav berhema w ya bi nav deng n dibeyhzin. Dema Kurd hebna xwe xwed dernekevin, w dem dizn andan didizin y li hebna Kurdan elbet y xwed derkevin!..

Heya roja ro di dest me de yazdeh destnivsn berhem bi tpn kevin di pirtkxaneyn cihan yn girng de tne parastin. Ji wana s destnivs di pirtkxaneyn Tirkiy de (du  heb Kutupxaneya Qesra Topkapi de, yek jimar j di Kutupxaneya Ayasofy de) heya saln daw di nav bdengiy de bi rengn xwe yn otantk hatine parastin. Ew berhema girng Tirkan nexwestine bidin nasandin bi salan ew veart htne!.. Nav berhem y otantk bi ziman Ereb Kitab-l Camii Beyn-el ilmi vel-amel En Nafi-i fi Snaat-il hiye, nav wergera ziman nglzk Al Jazaris Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices, nav wergera ziman Tirk Al-Jazari'nin "Mucizevi Mekanik Geretlerini Anlatma Kitab. Nav w y Kurd i mixabin hn nehatiye wergerandin ziman Kurd. Heke ew bibe Kurd, nav w y bibe Pirtka smal Cezr Ya Amrn Mekank Nwaze. Berhem bi tpn Latn di sala 1973 an de li Dewleta Yekby Emerika (USA) li bajar Boston bi ziman nglzk hat weandin unda Tirkan j, li ser ew berhema giranbuha rawestne xwestine ku w bikin berhemek ji aliy Tirkan ve hatiye nivsn afirandin!.. Cezr j dixwazin wek zanyarek Tirk bidin nasandin. Di droka chan de awa Selahadn Eyb leheng Kurd tt nasn, di zanista chan de j nemaze Cezr bi nav endezyar mezin navser qurna dem wek zanyarek Kurd tye bi navkirin.

 

Li chan dahn (cat) ji bo i ewqas girng in?

Bi dahnan ax hatine vekirin ax hatine guhartin. Her dahnek n bi xwe re dinya carek din ronah kirye jiyana mirovetiy bi xwe re p ve birye. avkaniya vejen (enerjiy) bi kranna av bi quweta helm (buhar) bi kranina hewa ve w bi xwe re derhozn (muczeyn) mezin anne. Va ye, Cezr xwedan ew derhozeyan e. Zanyar Elman Prof. Dr. Widemann zanngeha Elmanan ya li Erlangen ji bo Cezr : Zanyar qurn nwaz (harka) Bed-l Zaman Ebl-z bn- al-Razzaz al-Cesar- j re usa gotine. Ew gotinina mezinhayiya Cezr vekr nan didin. Cezr avakar yekemn y zanista sberntk e. Zanista sbernetk li ser dayn standina navbeyn mirov makneyan radiweste ragihandina (komnkasyona) beramber hev du kontrol dike bi r ve dibe. Di v agahiy de mirov p dihes ku Cezr zanna dahnann xwe bes di teor de nehtine ewna di pratk de j qas qas 60 dahnan (cad) afirandine makne kirine!.. Di makneyn kr de terazn (hevseng, muwazene) cuda cuda bi kar anne di hemiyan de j serketiye. Di hin dahnann xwe de ji qiweta mekanka, di hin dahnann xwe yn din de j, ji  qiweta hdro-mekank j sd wergirtiye. Di dawiya ew karannan de w sstema otomatk cara yekem afirandiye. W di aliy din de bi ew dahnann xwe dest avtiye rewa teraze (muwazene) ya eyar elektoronky. Li hem chan bi ew makneyn xwe, Cezr by hmdar Zanista Otomatk ya Kontrol. Zanyar profesorn chan di derheq w de Di v derbara zanist de heya ro tukes ji w derbas bibe nehatiye chan dibjin

Di qesra Artukiyan ya w dem de, Cezr heya rojn xwe yn daw karn xwe berdewam dike. Di rojn xwe yn daw de vegeriy Cezra Botan di sala 1206 an de ew die ser heqiya xwe. Di der heq gorna w de hin gotin hebin j, ew li ciy camiya bi nav Nuh Pexamber ya ku li Czr gorna Nuh Pexamber l hey, ew j hatiye defin kirin.

Gorna Cezr ya li bajar Cezr

Di nav me Kurdan de ewqas mirovn mezin wek Cezr derketine. Ewqas mr mrmran jiyn e! L imixabin Kurd heya roja ro ji bindestiy derneketine!.. Ma azad li chan ne maf me Kurdan e?.. Gelo di Newrozan de li Bakur welat ewqas gel, bi kmas bi sedhezaran Kurd komdibin deng wan awa dibe ku chan nabze?!.. Bi ser de j wek serbar, Kurd neheq derdikevin bi nav terorst j ewna tn navkirin nandayn!.. Ew gel qehreman ma ewqas bmecal b are ye?.. An j di rzaniya (poltka) hey de ma i at heye ku ew xwe serast nakin?!. V pirs pwst e, ku siyasetmedarn Kurdistan serokn hzn bingeh yn Baur welat ji xwe bipirsin bi dayn standinek brayet v pirsgirek areser bikin!.. Ji v btir ti ryn din li p Kurdan nn in!..

Daw de dibjim erm e, ku zanyarn wek El-Cezri ji nav Kurdan derketine Kurd j heya roja ro bindest mayne!.. Kesn bi esl xwe Kurd in, ku ro j nabin yek li dij yektiya netew derdikevin, bila ewna btir ji xwe re v pirs bikin j re areseriy bibnin!..

 

Ji 60 ikln dahnn (catn) n

yn smal Cezr endek li jr in:

 

Fl bi katjimar (saed) ( sedsala 12 an).

Katjimara (saed) bi tawusa dixwne av dipijiqne.

 

 Bi teknka mekank ciy dest utin,

ew bingeha sstema avdestxaneya ro

           ya njen e.

 

 

Makneya bi qiweta av ya av berjor bilind dike

 

       

 

Plstoka mekank ya mirovn sazbend

    

 

 

Sstema robota mzk ya bi nav Cezr tye nasn.

(lhama kompter ji v mekanzm hatiye girtin.)

 

 

 

Katjimara (saed) Cezr ya ji mum kir

 

 

 

Dezgeha masa Cezr ya mekank.

(Maseya otomatk ya bi xwe vedibe tye girtin.)

 

Makineya beramber hev ya bi du tesr (ift tesr)

 av dimije, dide dervay xwe berjor bilind dike.

 

 

 

      Pompeya bi zncr ya bi av t xebitandin.

 

 

Chaza mekank ya Cezr

xwe bi xwe otomatk kar dike.

 

Wergera pirtka Cezr ya bi ziman nglzk

The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices

Ibn Al-Razzaz Al-Jazari, USA, Boston, 1973

 

avkan:

 

Pirtka Pergaln Mekank Ya Ji Dr Pirbn, sedsala XII-XIII an.

Kitab-l Camii Beyn-el ilmi vel-amel En Nafi-i fi Snaat-il hiye, Cezra Botan, 1183 - 1208

Nav wergera nglzk Al Jazaris Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices,

USA, Boston, 1973

 

Prof. Lynn White Jr. writes: Segmental gears first clearly appear in A1-Jazari, in the West they emerge in Giovanni de Dondis astronomical clock finished in 1364, and only with the great Sienese engineer Francesco di Giorgio (1501) did they enter the general vocabulary of European machine design.

 

Al-Jazari invented clocks which were driven by both water and weights. These included geared clocks and a portable water-powered scribe clock, which was a meter high and half a meter wide. The scribe with his pen was synonymous to the hour hand of a modern clock.[12][23] Al-Jazaris famous water-powered scribe clock was reconstructed successfully at the Science Museum (London) in 1976.

 

Do. Dr. Yavuz Unat
El-Cezernin, Makine Yapmnda Yararl Bilgiler ve Uygulamalar Adl Eseri.

Cezernin Yapt, Bilim ve topya, Ocak 2002, Say 91, stanbul 2002, s.18-23.


Cezer zerine Trke ve Yabanc Kaynaklar, Bilim ve topya, Ocak 2002, Say 91, stanbul 2002, s. 5051.

Toygar Akman, Sibernetik Yaratclk, Bilgi Yaynevi. Ankara 1984, S. 22-63.

Konyal . Hakk, 8 Asr Evvel Trk Saraylar Makinelemiti. Kara Amid Dergisi, Nisan 1969, Say 5.

Ibn Al Razzaz Al Jasari, The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices, Translated Donald R. Hill, Netherlands 1974.

Reichard Jasia, Robots (Fact Fiction And Prediction) Penguin Books Ltd.

References al-Jazari, Ibn al-Razzaz. The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical

Devices (Kitab fi ma rifat al-hiyal al-handasiyya). Trans. Donald Hill.

Dordrecht Publishing Company. 1974

 

Banu Musa, bin Shakir. The Book of Ingenious Devices (Kitab al-Hiyal)

Trans. Donald R. Hill. D. Reidel Publishing Company. 1979.

 

Chapius, Alfred and Droz, Edmond, 1958. Automata: A Historical and

Technological Study. by Trans. Alec Reid. ditions du Griffon.

 

Donald R Hill, 1998. Studies in Medieval Islamic Technology, Edited by

David A King, Ashgate: Variorum Collected Studies Series.

 

Foucault, Michel, 1980. Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other

Writings, 1972 - 1977, Colin Gordon (ed.) Pantheon Books

 

Ifrah, Georges. The Universal History of Computing: From the Abacus to

the Quatum Computer. Trans. E.F. Harding. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2001.

 

Nietzsche, Friedrich, 1967. On the Genealogy of Morals. Trans. Walter

Kaufman and Robert Holingdale. Vintage Books.

 

Seyyed Hossein Nasr. Science and Civilization in Islam. New American

Library. NY 1968.

Ma hn dizanin ku Mucd kompter y yekem kurd e? A. Bal, rizgar online, yeniozgurpolitika.org - yeniozgurpolitika.com | Yeni zgr Politika, www.pen-kurd.org, www.gelawej.org/kurmanci, www.azadiforum.com

 

Mamhoste A. BAL

(Wjevan, lkolner)

 

          Havn/2008

 

 

 

 

 

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