Esker BOYK

 

AP CASIM-100

( 1908-1998)

 

Sed salya Ap Casim j hat

Ew yek  ji nivn  rewenbrya kurdaye ewlin b li Ermenistan, hmdarek edebyet anda  kurden Sovt. Nav w j rex nav Hecy Cind, Emn Evdal, Cerdoy Gnco t dann. Wek wan ew j swk qetlema Roma re a saln hjda b, ku ji aly Xwed va bi teherek ji dev mirin xilaz bb ji saln 1930 da, tev wan, li ber tevna demezirandin pdabirina rewenbrya Kurden Sovt runit, temamya jyana xweye dirj xizmet  kirin hnandina nex awaz w kltra delal kir.

Casim Cell sala 1908 a, li gund Qizilqul, nava Dgor, qeza Qers ji dayka xwe bye.    Zarotke pir dijwer para w ketib. H tifalek k, haj xr er cihan nb, dest bi  Cenga cihan ya ewlin b. er tim j bi xwera dijweryan, qetil zulm, belengazy tnin. Zulma herb gihte w dever j, w gund zdyay bik W dem ew herm diket nav hiddn Rsyay. Rsyay da oria Oktobir li serketib. Bolvkan hukumdar hildabn dest xwe, welt da dest bi er bajarvany bb. Her tit ser bin hev bb. Hiddn Rsyay li Kavkaz herifi bn. Qewatn rsa ji wur kayan n. Ew byar ji bo evdn w dever bn weke keresetek. Kaos neqanny  her cr jyan hildab nav xwe. Dever zeyf b hz mab. Dewleta Ermenya, ku n hatb demezirandin, ewqas bi hz nb, ku karibya pya xezeva Roma Re bigrta. Tirk j hvya byarek usa bn. Ji wan ra mecal bb hucm w herm bikin, dagerkin. Ew dever b cy rr, qetil qirr. Dutret kete li navbera Kurdn musulman Kurdn zd j. Roma re ber r xwe tev Ermenyan usa j da zdiyan. Ezdyn hermn Wan, dir, Qers c war xwe htin tev Ermenya berbe kraya Kavkaz revn.  

Mala bav Casim j revyane Ermenistana royn, li gundn zdiyan yn berpala yay Elegez. Ji r xezeba Osmany xilas bn, l nikaribn tofana xelay nexweyan xilas bibin

W dem Ermenistan wran bb, ji her alya va xelkn Ermen Kurdn zd ji qir, bir, zulm zor bi teherek xilasby, serqot, pxas, bir, taz direvyane Ermenistana royn. Tu mecal jyan li wur ne mabn, pra j hzn Roma re wek lyke mirinye wrankirn dikyan berbi wur, dixwestin li ser Ermenistan ra bigihjne Beky.

Ji xelay, nexweyan, ern navxwey r leker Roma re koka xelk hat.  Ji mala wan tek Casim bik dmne w j evdn xrxwez didine swxan. Ber li swxana Alksandrapol (niha Gumur), pa ya Celaloxly (Stpanavan) Yrvan da dimne.

iqas j jyana swxan bi , tel-tengas dijweryan tije b, l dsa j swxanda mecal jyan hebn, tev zaroka gika dihate xweykirin,  mekteba swxan da dixwend, ziman ermen hn dib, and edebyet ra dib nas, di nava dijweryan da digiht, qal dib. 

Gotinn pyan rastin, dibjin: Dewya tengasyan firey ne. Ji pey derketina ji swxan,  saln 1927-1930 mektebn leker yn bajarn Bek Tilbs da dixne

Rya jyan w berbi  karn lekery nabe. Wan salan desthilatdarya Sovty gelek mecal geln  welte xwe, yn kmjmar ra vekiribn ku wan padamayna dewrana derxin. Kurd welet Sovtra j mecalnen ba vebbn. L ji bo w kar rva bibin, di nav kurdan da kadrn zane, yn w war da jhat xwend pir km bn. Casim xort j ber xwe dide w meydana proz. Saln 1931-1932 dibe berpirsyar Txnkoma (xwendinxana) Kurd ya Pikavkasye pdagogy. Xwendinxan saln heytya xwe da karek pir mezin kir, awa ji bo mektebn gundn Kurdan hazirkirina mamosta, usa j kadrn zane ji bo karn nye kurdewary.

Sala 1932 ew derbaz  weenxana Ermenistan ya dewlet dibe, wek serok bea weenn kurd dixebite. W dem karek berfire weena kitbn ziman kurd dest p kirib. Mektebn gundn Kurda da xwendin bi temam ziman kurd b. Kitbn dersan bi kurd dihatin weendin. Bi rdaktor berpirsyarya w pirtkn dersa yn zimn, hesava, fzkay, kmyay, gogirafyay hvd tne weandin. Ew usa j rdaktory pirtkn krd yn edeb, folklor dike, helbesta, destana,  gotara dinivse, berevokn berhemn nivskarn Kurden Sovt hazir dike, wergera ji ziman dereke dike diwene

Gerek b gotin sala 1934 a 14 nav, l sala 1935a  20 nav kitb bi ziman Kurd tn apkirin. W dem apkirina ewqas kitba karek rehet nb.

Dijweryn rjma dktatorya stalnzm daw w kar wan kurdewar tne. Ew hereket, kel kar li nav civaka Kurdn Ermenistan da destpbb nvc da qut dibe. Ocaxn kltr, and, zanst, perwerdey, ku hatibn vekirin tne girtin. Elfeba latin-kurd bi qirara Moskvay t  betalkirin.

Casim Cell ber xwe dide xwendin, d temen s sal da, sala 1938 a zanngeha  pdagogy ya ser nav Xaatr Abovyan, li bajar Yrvan, bea ziman edebyet da dikeve xwendin. Ji pey qedandina v zanngeh ra bi dreke usa j bea hiqq ya Unvrstta Yrvanye dewlet diqedne, end sala w govek da kar dike, dibe berpirsyar Mektebeke Yrvan ya var.

Nv saln pncy,  dsa, ronayke ge li komara Ermenistana sovt w para gel me ra vedibe. Sala 1955 a, dema di radyoya Ermenistan da para  axaftinn ziman Kurd vedibe, ew s sal nva (ji 1 yanvara s. 1955 a, heta gulana sala 1958a) berpirsyar li w par dike, pa dsa li wurda penc nv sala , heta dkabira sala 1963ya wek serok bea mzkay edebyet dixebite. Kfa w j pir bi kilam sazbendya gelr ra dihat. Digotin eq hizkirina folklor, xazma bilrvany, dengbjy h zaroty da  dil w da hebye.  Min nedt, l ji hevalan min pir cara dibihst  derheqa bilra w da. Digotin bilra w heye xwe l dixe.

Hiskirna w berbi kilam, reqas sazbendya gel ewqas mezin bye, ku ew saln sy tev xebata xweye hml die nav kurdn nehya Teln koma kilam reqas hazir dike. Ew kom olmpyada  rspblka Ermenistan da ser dikeve pa olmpyada bajar Moskvayda bi serketin kilam reqas Kurd derdixe meydana welt.

Radyoya Yrvan para xeberdann Kurd hema rojn xweye ewlin da dest bi karek kurdewary mezin kir. Wan salan bingeha dengnivsa stiran mzka Kurd li Mala Radyoy  da dihat dann. Karek pir dijwer proz dimeya. W dem li nav kurdn Ermenistan da ne komn dengbjy, ne j dengbjn profsyonal hebn. Sazbendn (def-zurne) dewata bn evdn dengxwe ku bi kfa xwe, ji xwera li nav heval - hogirada distiran.

Bi rast j wan salan, xebatkarn radyoy yn para kurd karek pir hja mezin kirin. Ji gund warn kurdan, him dengbjn dengxwe, him j kilamn xwe dibijartin, yan tann Yrvan bi roja mal xweda xwey dikirin, yan ew dine cem wan, li ser kilam, mlodya w bi kolktv dixebitn, heta stiran dikirne qalibek hunury bilind, bi deha cara dicrbandin, pa bi radyoy didan Ji bo w end j stirann kurd yn Radyoya Yrvan t bj ji war ziman, naverok mlodyay da b kmas ne, kevn nabin ji aly her hermeke Kurdistan da bi hizkirin tn guhdarkirin. 

Nveka saln st ew derbaz jyana wa got rehetbn dibe, naxebite: karn xwey nivskary, afrandary va mijl dibe. Ji sala 1972 girt, deh sala, dsa berpirsyar rdaktorya weena ziman kurd li weenxana Ermenistanye dewlet da dike. 

***
Rya w ya afrandary saln sy da dest p dibe. Wan sala gotar, efrandin bedewety wergern w rojnema RYA TEZ da tn wsendin. Helbest destann w berevokn efrandinn Kurdn sovt da c digrin, pa ew bi xwe wan berevoka hazir dike. Bi ziman ermen medya rspblkayda pda t. end efrandinn Nivskar Ermenyay mezin Hovhans Tmanyan,  yn ayr Rs dineyan Alksandir Pkn, Samanto Xeczer destana ayr ermen Hovhans raz werdgerne Kurd bi berevokn baqe diwene. W dem ew usa j end xebatn K.Marks V.Lnn tev R. Dirampyan Nr Hzan werdigerne kurd. Bi wergera w gelek efrandinn Nivskar rs ermen bi kurd hatine weandin.

Eger ez a nabim di nav nvskarn Kurdn Ermenistan yn w dem da helbestvan her bi ziman Ermen hatye wergerandin apkirin Casim Cell e.

Saln 1936 1953 a du almanaxn berhemn ayrn Kurd bi ziman Ermen hazir dike diwene, kjan ji aly xwendevann Ermen va bilind tn qeblkirin. Berevokn helbest destann w ewlin bi ziman ermen hatine weendin: Sala 1954 a berevoka Elegez, sala 1955 a Beyt-serhatyd  kurdaye evndary,  sala 1957 a Kanya d. Efrandinn ayr hml ji aly ayrd ermenyaye navdar, xrxazn gel me Soxomon Tarons, Vaxarak Norns, Mikirt Xranyan da hatine wergerandin. Wan him kurmanc him j zargotina me rind zanibn. Tev helbestn lrky, welethizy usa j wan berevoka da gelek nmnn zargotina Kurda bi vekirina w c girtine. Ji wanane Brvan, Dewr Evd, Mem Ey, Sindirnebat, Hikyata Del Ahned Del Hemze, Sva Haco, Dim-Dim, Syabend Xec yn din.  ayr xwestye ruh  dema xweva wan girde, xwendevan ermen zengnya zargotina gel Kurda bide nasandin  wek zanna xwe ruhek n bike nav wan destann gele klask.

Berhemn Casim Cell usa j bi ziman Rss, gelek zimann geln welat Sovta ber cihan hatine wergerandin.

Sala 1968 a Moskvayda berevoka w bi nav R dirbn wede (Dorogam vremyon) bi ziman rusi t apkirinBi v berevok xwendevann welet Sovt ye pir mlyon ra mecal dibe efrandinn Casim Cell ra bibin nas.

Heta sala 1960 berhem w bi firet yan almanaxn nivskarn Kurd da, ( pay wan pir ew bi xwe hazir kirye weendye) yan j bi ziman ermen ap bne.

Sala 1960 li Yrvan, berevoka w  ya halbest poman bi ziman kurd hate weendin. Nav w berevoka berfire Rojn min b.

V berevok da tev helbestn weletparzy, derheqa birat pismamtya  evdn welet Sovt mrxwesya wan di herba cihanye duda da dj fazm usa ji  destann Kurdaye gelr Zemblfiro, Mem Ey, Tl Ey, Leyl Mecrm, bi vekirina ayr destanen w Nado Naz, Sura Birc, Cibr Cemle c girtine. Helbestn Elegeza min, Berbi yay Elegez, Berxvan me, Lr gelekn din da  ayr bi ruh xortany evn, bedewya ya banya, huba dil d distir. 

Sala 1966 a Ocaxa min (bi ermen) , 1970   Kilam ya, 1975 a Oda Kurda , sala 1980  Kurd Beng, sala 1984 a Kofya dya min, peyra sala 1989a  Bijare (bi kurd) hatine weendin. 

Sala 1982 a li Stokoholm ji aly Roja N va berevoka ayre Zozan hate weendin

Di jyana afrandaryye devedev st sala da w bi deha berevokn helbesta, destana, wergera, kitbn dersa j pey xwe htin. Wek rdaktor nav w bin sedan pirtkan da hatye nivsar.

Xissyn helbestvanya w ne:

-zarotya undakir, welet kal- bavan, swtya giran.

-kar xebata evdn Sovt, biratya gelan, alkar pitgirya wane bqelp..

-kirandina wan mecal mikanan sosyal-kltr, ku qeyd Sovyt dane w para gel Kurd. Ji padamayna dewrana, nexwendty ew civak di nava and sala da b civakeke cihanye pket. Ji gel Kurd pirr mlyon ra b guman hv, ira heyty, xwenaskirin xweparastin, V civak welat Sovt da ne ku ten kurdtya xwe parastin, l and mjy gel xwe derxistin meydana cihan.  

- herba cihanye dudan, ew cinayeta zulme xezeb, ku  ayr bi xwe navda jt, dijweryn jyana wan sala tem kir, b ed byarn tiragk. Bi av xwe dt ku altindar bi qurbanyn iqas mezin gel sovt qazanc kir. Dema derheqa zulm xwzeba herb da dinivse, pra j dibje , raste me alt kirye, l gerek w altindary, w edlaya ku bi xn hatye destann bi xemxur b xweykirin.

- li nav wan brannn bi keser da evndar wek ronayk, wek emaleke abn dilxwey ewqa xwe dide ruh helbestvanya w.

- bedewya xezay, iya ban, cew kany welt.

- hiskirin hisreta welet parekir, welet bindest. Jiyana xerby. erkarya kurdaye milety- azadary

- evindarya w berbi zargotin diroka gel

Naveroka berhemn w pircre berfireye. Meriv kare van xissyan berdewanke.

Bi kitba w ya dersan Ltratra bona dersxana V-VI agirtn Kurd ji sala 1955 girt heta saln 1990 dibistana da fr ziman edebyeta kurd bne. Usan j saln 30 w pirtk ji bo dersxann ea ap kirye.

***

Xeysetek ap Casim heb ku ji her kes, rewenbrn kurde w dem cuda dib. Ew hiskirna w b berbi wan kitb, rojneme, kovar bi tomer berbi wan hem dokmntan ku derheqa Kurda da bn. Bi salane w ew hem berev dikir, dikire qutya dida li ser hev.

Wexta mer derheqa C. Cell da dinvse,- nivskar Emerk Serdar pxebera berevokeke w da dinivse,- nikare w arxva dewlemend j br neyne, ku bi hereket w mala w da hatye berevkirn. Niha ewqas qinyat derheqa cimeta meda mala w da tne xweykirin, ku dikarin mzyeke tam bidine xemilandin. Dibjin carek cnar ji amojna Xanim (pireka ayr) dipirsin: Der we tim vekirye, kilt nakin. Hn natirsin diz mala we talankin. Amojna Xanim  bersv wa  dide: Mala meda kitb kaxazin. Diz j kitb kaxaza hiz nakin.

Byareke kfxwey silavkirin ye, ku law ayr, zanyar Kurd bi nav deng Cell Cell  ew arxv guhastye Austryay bajar Wen kitbxana ser nav Casim Cell, li rex nsttta Kurdzany, ku profsor bi xwe demezirandye. Eva karek kurdewary pir hja u krhatye, pwste hem dezgehn Kurd di w kar da alkary bidin zanyar. Bi w kitbxan kare dil Ewropay da merkezeke arv, and kltra Kurd ya dewlemend  b demezirandin.

***

iqas j dijwer, nerazbn, carna j dilsar hebn, l dsa j ew malbeta rewenbrya Kurdn Ermenistan ku nv saln sy heta saln nod li Yrvan civyabn bi hz, b berjewandyn exs li ser and kltra  gel xwe dixebitn, di branna min da wek ronayke here ge dimnin. Teva j bi dil can xwe pk w kar proz kiribnEger nav wanda dilsar dibn ew j li ser titn exs nbn, li ser pirsgirk dijweryn w kar bn. Ji pey saln hefty ra rewenbrya Kurd gihtib, xurt bi hz bb, mecal j iqas dn ji aly deshiletdarya komar va km dibn. Wek kanke hd- hd biike, diikyan.  Nerazbn dibn.Bi sala berevokn hjaye hazir neneirkir diman. Nivskar bhv dibn, diketin psra hev.

L i j heb tifaqeke navxwey heb. Dem n ayan, eyd salvegera wek malbetk dicivyan. Mezinay-bikay, qedirgirtin-maqlay heb. Kar tomer kurdewar b.

Niha ez difikirim, wek w dem j wek niha berhemn zanyar nivskaran wa bi hsan bihatana weandin, mecal vekirina komela, tatroy hebya, malper hebna iqas pir tit bihata kirin

***

Qet ji bra min nae. Sala 1970 sed salya ewled gel Ermen, hmdarek dengbjya wane kilask, ehdek gnosda Ermenya ya saln 1915-1918 a, xrxaz gel me Komtas xitim dib.

Xelk pir qedrn mezin ehd xwe zanin. Ermenstan bi heytehol ew salveger didane kiv. Bawark temamya sal medya wan da gotar nformasyonn here berbiev w derheq da bn. Kitbn zanyar, drok, and, huner derheqa w da pey hev dihatin weendin, sazyn and, huner, rewenbr, perwerdey, ol gik w salveger va mijl bn. Gund, bajar, mekteban da varyn derheqa jyana w, byarn ser w qewim saz dikirin, pey hev varyn edeb, huner, kltr, konsrt derbas dibn Bi gilk w sal gel ermen b ruh w ewled xwey proz va dijt

Eyane ku emek Komtas di berevkirin weendina stirann kurd da j pire, li Brln dploma w ya qedandina xwendina sazbendy li ser mzka kurd bye. Usa j eyan b, hela ed znd hebn, ku bi ev xwe dtibn awa ew   kalk min ( bav dya min siv Beg), mekteba dra Ermenya ya bilind da tev xwendibn, hevalt kiribn, gelek caran Komtas hevaln xwe mala kalk min bbn mvan. Komtas li wur dewatn kurda dtib, guh dab sazbend dengbjan, bb evndarek dengbjya kurd. (Eva serhatke dirje). Bi alkarya  kurxaty xwe Ahmed Gog min j ji pey lkoln zgerya end mehaye dr dirj ra gotareke bedewety nivs bi ziman ermen rojnemeke Ermenya  AVANGARD da weend. Gotar him ji aly xwendevann ermen him j xwendevann kurd yn w komar va rind hate qeblkirin.

endek nda, ji pey weendina gotar ra KGB a Ermenistan gaz min kirinGotera min derxistin gotin, ku yek gily min kieye, ku min berpirsarya rojnena AVANGATD kirye li nav ayan, siv Beg mirovek nijadperest, endem partya ermenyaye nijadperest Danaka bye, endem parlamnt hukumata dewleta Ermnyaye saln 1918-1920 bye, axa bye, dijmin welet Sovt bye, , nizanim i, nizanim i *

Eva d henek n b Eger sala 1937 a bya xilazbna min tune b. W dem j ew scek sivik nb. Karibn ez bikirama Hebs. (Pa ez p hesyam nivskarek mey bi nav deng gily min kirib).  Ap Casim him bi nivs, him j bi xwe hat pita min sekin. Ez xilaz bm.

Qenc j xirav j nayn brkirin. Qenc bi hizkirin, xirab bi nifir nelet tn brann.

***

Di sala 1936 a da endem Yektya Nivskar Welet Sovt b, sala 1954 a wek dlegat tev Hemcivna  Nivskarn Sovt ya duda bye, du sal nda tev rojn  edebyet medenyeta Ermenistan li Moskivay bb, bi mdala Ji bo babna xebat hatib rewakirin. Layq Hurmetnema Sedirtya Sovta  Rspblka Ermenistan bb.

Bav kurdzann bi nav deng remety Ordxan ell (Dr. Pirof. Folklorzan eyan), Dr. Prof. Cell Cell (drokzan, folklorzan), Cemle (sazbendzan), Zna Cell (werger).Zn xudan end pirtkane, ku w wergerandye ser ziman rs ltov) Eger ewledn w li nav gel xwe da ghtine nav deng bilind, xizmeta mezin gel xwera kirin dikin, emek bav wan Casim Cell pire

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 *Bi rast siv Beg wek nner  zdya parlamnt da hatib bijartin endem tu partya n b. Partya Danaka partyake milet ye. Heta niha j xnc Ermenya kes nikare bibe endem w. siv beg evdek pir xwend by di nava Kurdn Ermenistan da (zd, musulman) bi hiskirin t brann).

 

10.11.2008

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

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