Dr. Ehmed Xell   

Wergr: Heyder Omer

Kesayetiya Kurd

Lkolnn civaknasn

 

Xelek 3

2 / 2

Zagrosiy kevin, piyn Kurd

 

 

1. Somer ( Sumerian ): Mezopotamiya trmeke erdngar ye, Yonaniyan devera navbera herdu emn( Dcle Fert ) p navandin. Ev nav di ( Peymana kevin ) de bi away (Aram Nihraym) hatiye, bi away ( Aram Ennehreyn ) bo ziman ereb hatiye wergerandin. Ev nav ser devera ku di navbera herdu emn Fert Belx yan  Xabr de digirt, l gava ( Peymana kevin ) bo ziman Girkan hate wergerandin, ev nav bi away (Mezopotamia ) hate wergerandin, b nana devera navbera Dcle Fert li bakur bajar Bexd, di pey re wateya w firehtir b, xwe da ser devera navbera Dcle Fert ji bakur heya bi bar de. Bi ziman faris ji Mezopotamya re ( Miyan rozan ) dihate gotin; ango navbera du eman, l di jdern ereb slam de, be v dever y bakur ( bakur Bexd ) p hate naskirin, j re ( Cezr ) gotin(12).

Lkolner weha diin, ku deta bar Mezopotamya, di dema yekemn serdema kevir serdema aristaniya Helef de, ji bo jiyana mirovane ne layiq b, l bi derbasbna serdeman re, di navbera pncemn hezar saln ber zayn re, mercn hewa cgeh tir bn, Mezopotamya b navenda, ku rnitevan ber bi xwe de kane, dirjtirnn nakokiyan, di navbera (iy) (ol )de, ji bo bidestxistina ( det ) qewimn; ango nakokiyn navbera netweyn iyayn Zadros yn Hcaz derdora w, ew nakokiyn, ku tu dikar bi ( nakokiyn navbera komnifn/rehn Ar yn Sam ) binavn. Eger em ziman dplomatk bidin alyek,  titan bi navn rast binavnin, em dikarn bibjin, ku ew nakokiyan heya ro bi daw nehatine, hna j hinek rdawn wan li ( raqa n ), di navbera Ariyan ( Kurd Faris ), ji hlek de, Samiyan ( Ereb ), ji hla din de, r didin.

Yekemn serdema drok, ku li bar Mezopotamya dest p kir, bi nav (serdema Ubeyd)  hate naskirin, dema w j dikeve navbera saln 4500-4000 ber zayn, wek ku aristaniya Helef bi nav (Gir Helef) hate navandin, wusa j xelkn serdema Ubeyd bi v nav, ku ji ber nav cih hatiye wergirtin,  li bar raqa ro ye, hatin navandin, l ji ber ku nivsn, di w dem de, nehatib naskirin, pisporan nikarne nasnameya koma mirovane ya w dever, bi away ngirt, bidin xuyakirin, tit ku di v meydan de diyar kirine, ew e ku hem qehfn li devera ( Ubeyd ) hatine dtin, yn devera deryaya navn in, ango deryaya Sip, (seriyn dirj in)(13).

Yekser di pey ( serdema Ubeyd ) re, serdema Somer li bar Mezopotamya dest p dike, aferna nivsn pkanna w di war tomarkirin de, li nzk 3000 saln ber zayn, berhema Someriya ye, p re j lgervanan pir agah li ser aristaniya Somer naskirin. Nav welat Somer j bi nann mx ( K-N.G ); ango (welatxanim ) hate nivisandin. Ev trm bi ziman Akad, bi away ( Mat omrm ) ( omerd ); ango (welat Someriyan) hate nivisandin, Tewrat j nav ( Xak/Erd nُar ) l kir(14).

Ji bo snorkirin danasna nijad gel Somer nasnameya ziman w gelek bonan r dan. Dr. Fadil Ebdil-Wahd dibje: danasna nijad Someriyan, li ba kesn bi aristaniya raq re mijl in, bye aloziyeke zor, p re j ewana ew bi (pirsgirka Somer ) navandine, ji saln sihiyan de ( mebest j sihiyn erxa bor ne. Wergr ) gengee di navbera rohilatnasan de ; i pisporn nivsnn Someriyan bin, i j yn bermanyn wan bin, li ser v pirsgirk gur bne, b ku encameke ji hla piran de bte pejirandin, bi dest xnin(15).

Mebest ji nijad ( reh )e, rast ew e, ku hem lgervann somerologiy teqez dikin, ku Somer ne ji reh Sam ne, hinek j wan bi reh (Ar ) ve gir didin, pirn lgervanan weha diin, ku Somer ji devera iyayn rohilat, an j bakur-rohilat, ango ji iyayn Zagros; marpita (istn pit) welat Kurd, hatin bar Mezopotamya, Somer ji hla Akadiyan de, bi serpertiya Sergon yekem, sala 2350 ber zayn, hatin dagrkirin, destlata Akadiyan li ser Someriyan heya sala 2150 ber zayn dom kir(16).

Li ser Ziman Someriyan j, wusa di jderan de t gotin, ku ew zimanek seyr e, hema wek ku xweser be, bicihkirina w di nav komek/gurpek zimanan de ne mumukn e, ew bi diyardeya zeliqn t naskirin, ango ew di avakirina hevoka lker de, cnavan hem alavn din y giramatk bi reha (kok) lker ve dzeliqne, p re j  hevoka lker wek gotineke hevedudan dibe,her weha hevoka navan; ku b lker e, j weha dibe(17).

Her weha j li ser ziman Someriyan t gotin, ku ev taybetmendiyn zimanewan bne sedem, da hin lgervan hewil bidin, ku tkiliy di navbera v ziman hin zimann ihan yn din de bipelnin; wek zimann n, tpit, ziman diravd, y hingar hinek zimann Efrkay zimann Hindiyn Sor li Emerkay, zimann basfk, bask, tirk Mangol hinn din. Ewana weha diin, ji ber ku texmna wan ew e, ku ev yeka d nijad Someriyan diyar bike. L mirov dikane weha bie, ku ziman Someriyan hema ne zzk yekek wan Zimana ye j, heye ku ew endam gurpeke zimaneawn be, ku axn w gurp ber afrandina nivsn mirine(18).

Xuya ye, lgervann ewrop, yn rohilata navn j li hember nijad ziman Someriyan li xwe heyirne, nexwastine ne tkiliya navbera Someriyan piyn Kurd bipelnin, ne j texmna, ku heye Somer ji piyn Kurd bin, gengee bikin. Tev ku gelek nann, ku hla v texmn giran dikin, hene:

1.Hatina Someriyan ji iyayn bakur bakur - rohilat, yn ji klekn welat du eman (Bilad Rafdn) nzk in, avakirina perestgehn xwe li ser devern bilind, yn wek iyan (Zequrato, an Ziqorato an j Ziggurat), hewesa wan bi resimkirina darn bilind ajeln iyay wek pezkv bizinan li ser morn gilover. Ma gelo iyayine din, ji bil yn ku piyn Kurd l hebn, heya nka j l dijn, ji dema serdema kevir de, li bakur bakur - rohilat welat du eman (Bilad Rafdn) hene?(19).

2. Dagerna Someriyan ji iyayn Kurdistan yn nka, ber bi bar welat du eman de, di dema derdora 4000 sal ber zayn de, avakirina aristaniya zeviya pket, afrandina nivsn. Ev yeka dide xuyakirin, ku ewana e.b.c.ya (destpka) aristaniy nas dikirin. Tit v yek teqez dike, ew e ku zana pisporn bermayn kevin, ji bil piyn Kurd,yn li iyayn Zagros jiyane, irskn aristaniy bidest xistine, la ti komeln mirovane, ku li klek welat du eman jiyane, nekirine.

3. Herdu zimann somer kurd, di bingehn xwe de, wek hev in. Ber j me nankirib, ku ziman somer, y kurd j, yekek zeliqand ye, ango p papirtikan bi peyv ve dizeliqne, l tit seyr ew e, ku lgervan li hember ziman someriyan li xwe heyirn, ew ziman dan ber gelek zimanan, ji ziman n de bigir heya bi ziman Hindiyn Sor li Emerkay, l nexwestin w ziman ( y somer ) bidin ber ziman kurd, y ku ji erdngariya Somer de nzk e. Heye nezanna wan bi ziman kurd sedema w yek be.

4. Wekheviya gelek peyvn somer yn kurd, tev hinek cidabnn hindik, ji herdu warn dng watey de. Wek nimne, em dikanin hin peyvan bnin zimn:

a. Baru. Bi wateya pzan, remildar, mna peyva kurd ( Pr )e, ku wateya w pileyeke ayn Ezdah ye.

b. Ramku. Pileyeke ayn ye, hilgir w bi pdiviyn tin paqikirin radibe. Beramber w, peyva (Remo Remko ) ya kurd ye, ew j peyveke kurd ye kevnare ye, ne dre ku li gel pileyn ayn kevin tkildar be, ji kurdkirina peyva ereb ( Remedan Remezan )de dr be.

c. Pashishu. Ev j pileyeke ayn ye, hilgir w bi karn boyaxa proz radibe. Beramber w, peyva ( Paio ) ye, ku hilgir v nav bi pdiviyn paiya ( dawiya ) karan radibe.

. Ekall. Wateya w bi ziman somer y kevin avahiya mezin e, qesir e, bi away ( Hai-kal) j hatiye, Kenُaniyan ji wan birine bi away ( Hekallu) nivisandine, di pey re j bi away ( Heykel-هَيْكـَل) derbas ziman ereb b ye. Perestgehn mezin gewre her tit gewre bi v nav tn navandin, bingeha w ya somer ( gal )e, wateya w j ( mal-xan ) y mezin e. Hevoka ( gel ) bi ziman kurd wateya ( mal milk gel e ) dide.

d. Abzu. Wateya w, di efsaneya somer de, ava kr e, ku ji bin erd bi derdikeve. Beramber w, bi ziman kurd peyva ( ab zay av zay ) ye, ango ava kaniy ye, ku ji bin erd bi derdikeve.

e. Gipar. Beek perestgeh ye, bi taybet y ayndar destlatdar e. Ev peyv ( Gi par ), bi ziman kurd, wateya ( beek taybet ji cihek gelemper ) dide.

. She. Beramber w peyva kurd (ceh). (She) j di ziman somer de wateya (ceh) dide.

f. Lu. Wateya w, di ziman somer de ( mr mirov )e, di ziman kurd de j banga (kur)e, banga nrza ye, lewre j gava Kurd bang li kurek an li mrek  dikin, nemaze di stirann folklor de, dibjin: Lo, di banga jin de j dibjin : L, wek awa di stiranan de t gotin: Wey lo lo!. Wey l l..

g. Lu-gal. Wateya w, di ziman somer de, destlatdar e, mirov mezin e, mezin mal ye, rzdar gewre ye, rzdar e. Xweday sereke, y dewlet an j civak bi v nav dihate nnkirin. Ev peyv, di ziman kurd de, wateya ( mirov gel law/kur gel ) hildigire.

h. Nenda. Xwarin e, mna peyva kurd ( nan )e, ( nan da ) di ziman kurd de, wateya kes amr, kes ku xwrin dide kesn din, hildigire.

i. Agu. Rvebir fabrkeya sepetan e, ya ku hin titn din j dike. Ango mirovek destlatdar e. Di ziman kurd de, wateya ( Aga Axa ) dide.

. Ey nemir kar. Nav nana lehengek somer ye, seredar dewlet/bajar Orok b. Ev hevok ( Ey nemir kar ), di ziman kurd de, wateya ( kes ku karn w herheyne ), an j (kes ku bi karn xwe herheye) dide.

j. Eygi nodo. Wateya w ( kes kor e, y b av e ). Li welat Somer, koleyn fewdalan, ango koleyn xwediyn zeviyan, bi v gotin dihatine bangkirin; ango ( kesn ku avan/seriyan li p mezinn xwe ranakin ). Hevoka kurd ( ku ned ) ji v hevoka Someriya ve nzk e.

k. Akitu / Akiti. Nav ahengek ye, ev aheng, ji derdora 3000 sal heya yekemn nv 2000 saln ber zayn de, li welat Somer, bi boneya sersal diqewim, ji yek meha Nsan de, yanzde rojan dom dikir, zewaca proz di rojn aheng de, di hindir perestgeh de, pk dihat. Pjna ziman kurd, hem ji hla bilvkirin hem j ji hla watey de, zor numa ji v peyva somer t, ku di wateya peyva ( Yek ) ya nan yek Nsan dike, di wateya peyva ( yekt ), ku bi awayek dibe nana zewaca proz di v peyva somer de, xuya dibe. Di stirann folklora kurd de, her tim dildar bang li dilbern xwe dikin, dibjin: Em bi hev re yek bin(20).

Ev nimneyn me li jor diyarkirine, digel ku hindik in j, l wekhev nzkbna herdu zimanan didine xuyakirin, pirsek dilivnin; gelo eger ev wekhev di navbera ziman somer y kurd, nemaze j zarava kurmanciya jorn ya hemdem de, ewqas berbiav be, ma w di navbera ziman somer zarava behlew ( feyl ) ya ku ji hla erdngar de li klek welat Somer e, hin caran tev li w dibe, d iqas be?. di navbera ziman somer zaravn piyn Kurd, hemwelatiyn iyayn Zagros de iqas b?.

Dr. Cemal Red, di be yekem ji pirtka xwe ( Diyarbna Kurd di drok de ) r 205-233) de, bingeha ziman somr bi away kr fireh vekolaye, ew kar hjaye, ku ji bo diyarkirina wekheviya herdu zimann somer kurd, bibe palpit. Ji hleke din de em weha dibnin, ku div legervan, nemaze pisporn bermayn kevin zimn, bi giran li v babet binerin, da arey ji bo aloziyn li gel ziman somer tkildar in, bibnin, lgervann, ku li xwe heyirn, ji heyirna dirj bi derxnin.

 

2.Lolo: Gel iyay ye bi nav (Lolob) an j (Lolom) hatiye navandin, cgeh rnitina w be bakur y iyayn Zagros b, bi xwe j beek e, ji tevayya geln bi nav ( Zagros Elamite ) dihatine naskirin. Welat v gel heya gola Urmiyay, heye ji w drtir bi bakur de, di, her weha Lolo li devern kleka Silmaniy j rnistibn. Kevintirn behsa li ser wan di nivsn mx de vedigerin sedsaln (erx) 28 ber zayn. Gava Akadiyan ( ji miletn ol yn reh Sam ne ) bi serpertiya ah Sergon dest dan ser welat Somer, bn serekn welat du eman (Bilad Rafdn), w hng welat Lolowiyan b armanca hrin wan yn berdewam, ji dema Sergon kur w Manishtusu (2287-2272 b.z) de heya bi dema Naram Sn (2272-2235 b.z) kur Manishtusu(21).

Pit ikestina Akadiyan li ser destn gel Got, rewa gel Lolo tir b, wan di dema syemn komnif Or de (2112-2004 b.z) deng vedan, nav wan (Lolo) di serdema Babil ya kevin de ( 1990-1600 b.z ) mezin firehtir b, heya ku li ser hem ln iyay hate raxistin,  ber bi roava de belav bn, ahnineke wan a mezin li dawiya du hezar saln ber zayn heb. Ev ahnina wan li hember Aoriyan r bi r b, di serdema Aor ya navn de piraniya devern wan ketin bin destn Aoriyan, di sedsala heytdeh de hem devern wan yn roava bi nav ( Zamwa ) li na nav ( Lolob ) hatin bi navkirin.

Di dema ahnina Orarto de ( 800-700 b.z ) welat wan bi nav ( Zamwa ) dihate bi navkirin, heye ew nav leke wan b, l ji sedsalaa 9 b.z de nav ( Lolob ) wenda b, nav ( Zamwa ) na w girt(22).

      3. Got/Guti: Nav Gotiyan di s du hezar saln ber zayn de diyar b, komeln, ku reh wan hevbe b, bi v nav hatin naskirin. Xuyaye ku devern destlatdariya wan, li gor xurtbn qelsbna  hzn derdor, carina teng hindik, carina j fireh dibn. Diyakonov tne zimn, ku ewana li rohilat bakur-roavay gel Lolo rdinitin, heye j ewana devern Azerbeycan Kurdistan bi dest xwe xistibn, di pey re j hem netewn, ku li bakur-rohilat Babil dijiyan, bi v trm hatin naskirin, l di yekemn hezar saln ber zayn de, ev trm ser tevay Orarto xelk Min-naya Med girt(23).

Jrnot Wlhlm tne zimn, ku welat Gotiyan li bar bar-roavay devern Lolo diket; ango li w devera, ku herdu emn Diyala Uُzeym t re derbas dibn, pa j ber bi bar de belav bn. Dr. Cemal Red weha die, ku Got li devern navbera em Zaba Jrn em Diyala jiyane, Kerkk derdorn w j navenda welat wan b. Her weha di belgehn drok de xuya dibe, ku nav Gotiyan, di demn s du hezar saln ber zayn de, ser hem rnitevann rohilat bakur-rohilat welat Lolo digirt. L gava Akadiyan, bi serpertiya Sergon, destn xwe dan ser welat Somer, welat Gotiyan j b armanca hrin Akadiyan, dln Got wek koleyan li bazarn Somer dihatin firotin(24).

Le bel Gotiyan, li gor diyalktka nakokiyn navbera netewn iyan yn ol ji bo bidestxistina detan, li hember hrin Akadiyan destbest nemabn, ewana hza hem lan dane ser hev, hevalbend li gel Lolo girdan, li dij Akadiyan dest bi serhildanan kirin, gava destlata Akadiyan jar b, Got j ji destelata wan rizgar bn, arensa xwe xistin destn xwe, di pey re hri bi ser bajar ( Akad ) paytexta Akadiyan de ajotin, li gor rastirn hewalan, sala (2230 b. z) dewleta wan gr kirin, navenda destlata Gotiyan j li Erabxa ( Krkka nka ) b, destn xwe bi giran dan ser bajarn Akad, l destlata xwe nedan ser bar, bel ten bace ji wan distandin, kar barn rvebiriy ji bo hikumdarn herm htin, pre j li bajarn Somer hinek azadiya konevan bazirgan peyda b, ku b sedema pketinn mezin li bajatrn bar, nemaz li bajar Lece, di pey re Orok(25).

Yekemn ah Got, ku nav w di nivsn mx de diyar bye, rdo Bzr e, ku hemdem sah Akad Naram Sn e, yekemn ah Got, ku hikumdar li welat Akad kiriye, lolom e, dawtirn ah wan Trcan e, y ku mr Somer  Uto Hgal li derdora sala (2130 b. z) ser li ber hilda, er w kir, ew dl girt. Got j, di d re, vekiyan devern xwe yn ciyay.

Destlata Gotiyan li ser bar welat du eman derdora 91 salan dom kir, di w naveber re 19 ahan hikum kirin, hza Gotiyan j hinohino km b, pir tit ji aristaniya Somer Akad wergirtin, ji nv destlata xwe de navn Sam hilgirtin, bi ziman akad rzexeta mx nivisandin, li klek xwedayn xwe, hinek sam, wek Etar Sn j naskirin(26).

  wek awa bye rzek di nivsn droka Roavay Asiyay de, ewn ku bi mebestn netew an j ayn hatine nivisandin, her tim rikn ( sfet ) kirt bi ser Gotiyan ve bne, wek awa hatiye gotin, ku Got kesine dirende ne, marn iya ne, jin ji mr kur ji bav revandine, destlat ji Somer standine birine iyan Zev berhemn w xirab kirine, perestgeh serayn (qesir) ahan dizne, bi ran sern berxwedanern hember xwe firandine(27).

Xwediyn wan bon nivsan, avn xwe li hember kirn Akadiyan girtin, ew Akadiyn, ku gava hri dibirin ser wlat Gotiyan her der hildiweandin, disotin, her kes dikutin, dl digirtin, riswa dikirin, her der tit didizn, destlata xwe bi zora r bi xelk didan pejirandin. Ewana ev kar titn kirt hem wek mafek ji xwe re dijmartin, l li hember, gava netewn iyan er wan dikirin, ew netewe wek direndeyan dijmartin. Bi ser de j ewan nivsevanan ji bra kirin, qet nehann zimn, ku Gotiyan rewa ewley li hem devern welt parastin, keys li ps bajarn Somer vekirin, da di pey rizgarkirina ji bin destn Akadiyan ber bi p de biin ge bibin(28).

4. Subartu. Sobarto: Tum pakteke somer ye,bi pa navn erdngar dikeve, wek Subartum, Gutium, tpa m di ziman akad de j dikeve, tu dimne, wek Subartu, lamtu, Orartu, Subartu j dibe ( ubartu ), bingeha peyva ( Subartu/Sobarto ) somer ye, bi away ( Su k )ye, ku wateya ( erd /xaka So ) dide.

na Subartu /Sobarto ya erdngar, wek hem nn kevin, li gor pergaln konevan yn herm, teng fireh dib. Jrnot wlhlm dibje: Nav erdngar Sobarto (Sober di ziman Somer de) her tim ne nana deverine snorkirbn li bakur welat Babil, bel ev nav, ber p devereke bakur ji rohilat em Dcley digirt, di pey re na w fireh b, welat Aor bakur welat du eman girt, daw j di deqn (text) babil de wek rcikek (sfet) welat Aor hate xebitandin(29).

Dr. Mihemed Beyyom Mehran dibje: Eger i be j, Aor neketin erdek /xakeke vala, bel nn, ku ewana l rnitin, netewene din ber wan l rnistibn, me ji wan netweyan Subartu / Sobarto naskirye, ewn ku ber li devera navbera em Dcle iyayn Zagros rnitibn, ewana ( Sobarto ) ne ji reh Sam ne. li gor v yek, em dikanin texmn bikin, ku hatina Samiyan ji hla bar an bakur, an j ji herdu hlan de, b sedema nakokiy di navbera wan xelk Sobarto; xwediyn cih de, ev nakok bi serketina wan kesn hatine (Sam) cihgirtina wan, bi daw hat. Tev ku Babiliyan, di d re, pir caran cidabn nexistin navbera Aoriyan Sobariyan, ewana wek rehek jimartin, heye ku sedema w j ew be, ku herdu gel, bi rvena serdeman re tevlihev bne, bi ser de j hin kes weha diin, ku Somer ber Samiyn roavay li van nan bi cih bn, kirin navend ji bo aristaniya xwe ya bakur (20).

Dr. Amir Silman Ehmed Malik El-Fityan dibjin:Nav Aor, ber s hezar saln ber zayn,li bakur raq nehatib naskirin,bel xelkn w dever bi nav (Sobariyan) dihatin naskirin, welat j bi nav (Sobarto) dihate naskirin. L gava Aor hatin w dever, nav welat Aor bi ser dever ket, Sobar j tev li wan bn, hinek j ber bi devern iya de n(31).

Dr. Sam Seُd El-Ehmed j weha dibje: Navn pirn bajarn Somer ne somer bn, bel Sobar bn ( Berferatiyn p ), wek Or, Erdo, Orok, Spar, Larsa, lege, h.w.d, eger em bala xwe bidin gelek peyvn somer, heye em pir peyvn Sobar di nav wan de bibnin(32).

Dr. Cemal Reid j weha die, ku ( Soborto ), wek trmeke erdngar, ji s hezar saln ber zayn de derbas drok bye, welat, ku dikeve navbera ( Parah ) y ku li bakur lam ye, iyayn Emanos yn li deryaya Sip dinerin li hla roava, bi v nav dihate naskirin, devern Gotiyan yn Lolo,di dema ah Akad; Naram Sn de, bi ser Sobarto de hatin jimartin, serokn wan nav ( Ins Sobarto ) hildigirtin, Ins j navek somer ye, wateya w hakim e.

Dr. Cemal Red hn weha j die, ku pirn devern bakur geliy du eman ( Rafdn ), di trmn babil de, bi (Sobarto) hatin naskirin, hemwelatiyn wan deveran yn ne sam ne hindo-ewrop, i Got Lolo bn, i j hinn din bn, trma (Sobarto) ser hemiyan girt, p re j ( Sobarto ) ne nav miletek ye, bel navek erdngar ye, hem bakuriyan (rnitevann devern jorn) dinimne, Farisan j ew devera bi ( Gohistan ) navandin, jdern Ereban j re gotin ( Qohistan ), ku bi nav ( Iqlm El-Cebel / Herma iya ) an j (Blad El-Cebel / Welat iya ) derbas ziman ereb b(33).

Ev agahiyn derbas bne, me digihnin w baweriy, ku Sobarto yekek ji wan geln /  netewn Zagros yn kevin in, devera ku l bi cih bne, i bik be, i fireh be, ew devera ye, ku piyn Kurd, ji dema serdemn kevir de, l cwar bbn,  tkiliya germ di navbera  Sobariyan Someriyan de heb. Ev yeka j dibe nana hebna tkiliya tn and di navbera Someriyan Zagrosiyan; piyn Kurd de, Sobariyan ahnineke hzdar li bakur avakirin, devern, ku pa bi ( welat Aor ) hatin naskirin j ketin nav w ahnina, ku yek ji ahn w lo oma b, ku hemdem damezrner yekemn Famliya Babil  Sumu Abum ( 1894-1891 b. z ) b(34).

Ev zanyariyn derbas bne, hem li derdora kevintirn piyn Kurd digerin, gelo nifn di pey wan re k ne?. Bila persiva v pirs j para xeleka, ku w wer be.          

        

                                          ******      ****       ******

 

Jder avkan:

(12) Peymana kevin, be pkhatin ( tekwn ), not 24, ayet 10. Ebdil-Hekm Ezzennon: Branna yekemn, r 212. Sam Seُd El-Ehmed: Somer kelepra wan ya aristan, r 5. Jn Porter hinn din: Rohilata nzk aristaniyn p, r 20.

(13)Fadil Ebdil-Wahd El: Ji Somer heya Tewrat, r 23. Sam Seُd El-Ehmed: Jdera ber, r 42. Amir Silman Ehmed Malik El-Fityan: Lkolnn droka kevin, r 71.

(14) Peyman kevin, be pkhatin ( tekwn ), not 10, ayet 10. Fadil Ebdil-Wahd El: Jdera ber, r 97. Ehmed Malik El-Fityan: Lkolnn droka kevin, r 25, not 1. Ebdil-Hekm Ezzennon: Jdra ber, r 24.

(15)  Fadil Ebdil-Wahd El: Jdera navbor, r 21, 22.

(16) Siptno Moskat: aristaniyn Samiyan yn kevin, r 67. Birahm El-Fenn: Ettewrat,          r319. Mihemed Beyyom Mehran: Droka raq ya kevin, r 90-92. Sam Seُd El-Ehmed: Jdera ber, r 42.

(17)Amir Silman Ehmed Malik El-Fityan: Jdera ber, r 73,74.

(18)Amir Silman Ehmed Malik El-Fityan: Jedera ber, r 74.

(19) Fadil Ebdil-Wahd: Jdera ber, r 22. Sam Sed El-Ehmed: Jdera ber, r 42, 82.

(20)Biner: Semowl Kirmer: Ji lewhn (Tablown) Somer, r 63, 406, 409. Jn Portro: Jdera ber, r 8. Fadil Ebdil-Wahd El: Jdera ber, r 80, 140. Ebdil-Hemd Zayd: Rahilata nemir, r 388. Guropek zanayn Sevyetistan: raqa kevin, r 32, 197, 276. Fadil Ebdil-Wahd Amir Silman: Baw rzikn geln kevin, r 179, 180.

(21) Amir Silman Ehmed Malik El-Fityan: Jedera ber, r 102. Ebdil-Hekm Ezzennon: Jdera ber, r 75. Tewfq Silman: Lkolnn aristaniya roavay Asiyay yn kevin, r 132.

(22) Jrnot Wlhlm: Hor, r 31,not 1. Ebdil-Hemd Zayd: Rohilata nemir, r 561, 562. Diyakonov: Med, r 107, 108.

(23) Diyakonov: Jdera navbor, r 109.

(24) Jrnot Wlhlm: Jdera ber,, r 31, not 2.Cemal Red: Diyarbna Kurd di drok de,be 1. r 547. Mihemed Beyyom Mehran: Jdera ber, r 131.

(25) Diyakonov: Jdera navbor, r 110. Mihemed Beyom Mehran: Jdera navbor, r 162, 163.

(26) Diyakonov: Jdera ber, r 110. Mihemed Beyom Mehran: Jdera ber, r 162, 163.

(27) Tewfq Silman: Jdera ber, r 140. Mihemed Beyom Mehran: Jdera ber, r 141, 162.

(28) Diyakonov: Jdera ber, r 110. Ebdil-Hekm Ezzennon: Jdera ber, r 79.

(29) Jrnot Wlhlm: Jdera ber, r 29.

(30) Mihemed Beyyom Mehran: Jdera ber, r 325.

(31) Amir Silman Ehmed Malik El-Fityan: Jdera ber, r 143.

(32) Sam Seُd El-Ehmed: Jdera ber, r 47.

(33) Cemal Red: Jdera ber, r 429-437. Sam Seُd El-Ehmed: Jdera ber, r 4. Mihemed Beyyom Mehran: Jdera ber, r 142, 226.

(34) Ebdil-Hemd Zayd: Jdera ber, r 81. Mihemed Beyyom Mehran: Jdera ber, r 218.

 

 

 

                               

 

 

 

 

 

 

apkirin

copyright 2002-2008 info@pen-kurd.org