AFIRANDINA  ADEM HAWA ZDYATY 

Kemal Tolan, 4.12.2004

 

Li gor mitolojiya zdiyan, Xwed Milyaketan (Ezral, Derdayl, Ezazl, zrafl, Mkayl, Cbrayl imqayl)  dinya di beriya afirandina Adem de xemilandine. L, kes nizane bi iqas wext derbasbuye nde, hja milyaktan bi raya(ferman) Xwed, beden(ikil, la, qalib) Adem(nsan yekemn hat ser ruy dinya y) ji ax, av, agir bah kirine dsa pit qedmek (li gor zargotin me hefsed sal n de) hja ruh(giyan,can,hilm,nefes) bi qewl, duha, def ibban berdane nava qalib Adem.

Dema meriv li qewl duhayn me zdiyan birne karibe ji wan ba fahm bike, meriv vga j di rovn wan de afirandina dinya y kirina qalib Adem whd. gelek zelal dibne. Di end sebeqn qewl afirna dinyay de weha dibje:

 
Yek ave,yek nre
Yek axe,yek j Agire
Xwedawend me rehman
ar qisim ji me re dan
P dilovan Adem nijin

Xwedawend me rehman
ar qisim li ry din dan
(temamiya v Qewl di avkan 1:56 ye )

Xwedawend me bi rehm e
Diyar kir az qidum e
Hvn Adem hevsr zor tixm e
Hevsr geriya,hat hindave

Di end sebeqn qewl zebn Meksr de weha dibje: 

Pede min li ezman kir sefere

Ew b are sefer kirb ker bikere

Kire rikn end menbere

Aiqa w j xeberda

axek d j berda

Kire rikn end erde

Erd mabuy behit

Xidudek xedit

Go:Ezz min erd b w sr natebit

Pit il sal bi hijmare

Erd bixwere negirt heare

Heta lali bi navde dihate xware

Lali ku dihate

Li erd ndib nebate

P zeynn iqas kinyate

Ku kinyat p di zeynn

ar qismet tk hinCinikn

Qalib Adem pixember j nijnn

emb dane esase

ny kir xilase

Pit bi heft sal, heft sur hatine doran kase

Pit bi heft sal, heft sur hatine hindave

Qalib mabuye b gave(rih)

Gote ruh: T bo naiye nave ?

Ruh go:Liba aiqa we melme

Heta bo min ji bana neyn az qidme

Nveka rh qalib Adem pxember tixme

az qudum hatin hidir

nra muhbet hingite ser

Ruh hat qalib Pxmber wir

Berdewama v qewl,

birne li  (2: 49-51 1:39-41)

Gava ruh berdidine nav qalib Adem, d ew Adem dibine Cinet. Di Cinet de e Milyaketan sicde ji Adem re kirin, l Ezazl sicde nekir. Xwed tala gote w:Tu ima sicde ji Adem re nak? Ezazl got: Reb min, te ret li me kir min ew ret ji br nekiriye, sicde bo te biten ye, zz min(5:116).

Di zargotina me zdiyan de hj t gotin: Gav Milyaket xeber didine Xwed dibjin: Ezral ji Adem na sediqne. Xwed ji Ezral re dibje: ima t ji Adem re sucde (bawer) nak ? Ezral j dibje Xweda: Ya Ezda y dilovan, ne wexta we em ji nra xwe afirandin, we hing ji me re got: div hun ferman min ji bra nekin by raya min ji t qudretn din bawer nekin. Ez ji nra te me Adem ji ax ye, ez ima j bawerkim ?(6) avk.:9.

Li ser v Xwed nasna Tawis-Melek di qewl de j weha hatiye gotin:

Qewil Tawis- Melek

Ya Reb la anek la mekanek la sultanek
Ya Reb tuy kerm tuy rehm
Ya reb her tu xuday
Her tuy layiq medih senay
Ya Reb tu melek melek chan
Ya Reb tu melek melek kerm
Tu melek r zm
Ya Reb ji enzel de her tuy qedm (av.:4)

Gava Tawis-Melek van gotinan dibje, Xwed j di huzura Milyaketan de xelata tok zrn(tok z) dide Tawis-Melek dibj: Ji ber ku te ev reta min ji bra nekiriye, hatere kilta her heft erd ezmanan, t ji vir pde li her der ch de wekl(cger) min serok hem Milyaketa y(6).

Bi dtina min, gava em li van end sebeqn Qewl Afirandina Kinyat birnen, di wan de j xwan dibe ka Tawis-Melek awa dibe serok Milyaketan t naskirin.

Qewl Afirandina Kinyat sebeqa s, ara pnca:

Li min cema dibn babzere

Ji w behr deyn xebere

T heyne durrd cewahre

Li min cema dibn zerbabe

D ji w bahr deyn tebabe

Behre doje qrinave

Hedha biden ji kitr

Text ten dib emr

Ewe alim ewe xebr

Sebeqa het neha:

Aiqa ew mr dt kir nase

Jk vavartin muhebet kase

Kire rikn end esase

Kire rikn rikn

Durr ji heybet hincin

Taqet nema hilgir

Taqet nema li ber biebir

Durr bi renga xemil

Sor b sp b efir (temamiya v qewl di 2)

Li goriya zanna xwe hinek gotinn ulmdarn me dibjim, dema Adem qedmek bi ten di cinet de dimne nde, Tawis-Melek (Ezazl, Ezral,  Emn Cebral Melkemot yekin) dsa bi raya Xwed, sirr keremt xwe Hawa j j reji binenga w dike j re dike heval.  Hinga Adem Hawa wextek bi hevdin re li Buhit dimnin nde, ncar Tawis - Melek dixwaze wan ji buhit derxne.  Tawis - Melek xwe dixe ikl Mar re die dibje Hawa: Eger t bi xwaz bi Adem karib, div t genim bi Adem bid xwarin. Pit v gotina mar re Hawa ji Adem re dibje ima t ji hem tahman dixw, l t nikar ji v tahma genim tahmbik?(3).

Bel ka em birnen li Qewl zebn Meksr, bi taybet j di sebeqn: 1,2,3 4 yn di rpel 51 a y av.:2 de  li ser xwarina genim derxistina Adem ji bihut weha dibje:

Adem pxember ji w kas vedixware

vediya Mestb hejiya

Got l huriya, xun t geriya.

Adem pxember ji w kas vedixware

Kerameta w kas hate diyare

Lew Adem pxember pngij p dib iyare

Adem pxember ji w kas vexwar p xwet

Kerameta kas hat gehit

Lew Adem pxember hilgirt bire behit

Ped min rebil semede

Ji Adem w bn coqeta

Jk vavartin heft d milete 

(Tevaya v qel di 2: rpel 45 heta 52

 

Wek din, em birnin li qewl afirandina dinyay j  li ser v babet xwarina genim derxistina Adem ji cenet weha dibje:

 

Xedawend me rehman
Kasa sir ji Adem re an
Av ji kas vexwar,vejiya
Cda mest b hejiya
Got j xuwest w ruh
Xret kete nav ser
Xwn li can w ger

Adem Xwar ji w kas
Sira kas xwe l t
Kerameta kas gehite buhet
Milyaketan bi mil w girt avtin buhet

Adem ji kas vedixwar e
Kerameta kas p ve diyar e
Xak p nijin,b hiiyar e
Got:"Ev erd xwee"
Giyay n sergee
Roj roja mr kelee

Xwedawend me rehman
Ji me re keremek an
Dem dezgeh badan

Hey Ademo rdin
Her dem bike man
Xwedawend em xilas kirin ji tofan

Gel mirdan bikin kar
Xra qudret ji jor bar
Xwe dr bikin ji neyar

Kerameta xwedawend me hate xwar
Erd ezman didinn xr
Hn j bibin xwedan xr
Qet ji br neken v xeber  ( 4)

Zargotina me vga hj dibje, dema Adem ji genim tahm dike, d Milyaket w ji buhit derdixin. ax Adem Hawa tne ser ruy erd, demek dijn nde, d Tawis-Melek dsa surr keremetn xwe bi Adem - Hawa dideqaylkirin ji wan re ekere dike ku, ew iqas evdn ji wan zd bivin tim ji Xwed iqas xasn Xwed hene bawer bikin ew her wext ji bo hebna meznayiya Xwed , Milyaket iqas xasn Xwed hene xizmet bikin.

Bel ez j weke ku di qewl zargotina me de zelal dibe nrna gelek droknasan dibjim devera ku Adem hatiye ser ruy erd Mezopotamiya ye(8) baweriya XwedXwedan nasn ji zdiyatiy gehtiye nav tevaya mirovatiy. Li ser v babet, birnen li lkolna min e zdiyat haveyn mirovatiya li Mezopotamiya y ye(11)

Pit demek, gava ji Adem Hawa zarok dibin, d ew herd li ser bna zarokn xwe bihevdin dikevin. Ji bo ku ew bizanbin ka zarok ji xwdan(anj ziret)a k zde dibin, radibin heryek ji wan xwdana xwe cde dixe nava kupek(cerek)  kupn xwe dixine bin erd. Hinga wext vekirina kupan t, diin kp xwe vedikin, dirnin ji nav kupik Hawa kz kurm((hem ruh libern di bin erd de hene) ji nav kupik Adem j lawikek ( Seyd bincer) derdikeve. Div, ji w roj pde d Hawa ji meznatiya Adem bawerdike, l ji hefsdiy nahle ku Adem v zaroka xwe(Seyd bincer) dinava mala w de xwed bike.  

Li gor hinek gotinn ku di avkan:8 , 9 de zargotina me hja j zind dibje :Dema Adem zaroka xwe ye ji kup derket (Seyd bincer e ) dt unde, d ev hezkirina zarokn xwe -il kur il ke- din jibr kir. Zarokn w j weke diya xwe ji hezkirina bav xwe Seyd Bincer hefsdn. Zarokn Adem bi diya xwe re planek ku Seyd Bincer bikujin kirin. Tawis-Melek di w vra ku Hawa il zarokn xwe ser siba ji xew rabin herin Seyd Bincer bikujin de,  emir dide hriyan dibje Horiyan herin di xew de ziman Hawa il zarokn w  ji hevdin cde bikin nehlin ku ew biryara kutina Seyd Bincer bi hevdin bidine fahmkirin. Gava Hawa zarokn xwe ji xew radibin, her yek ji wan bi zimanek cde xeber didin, dikin nakin nikarin plan xwe bihevdin bidine fahmkirin. Ji v roj pde ev ziman  cde peyda bne(9)  Wek din j birenin li avkan 8a: :53-78,  8b: 118-120, 8c:142-151 hwd.

Bel ka em dsa birnen li sebeqeyeke Qewl zebn Meksr,  ew li ser vavartina heft d miletan weha dibje:

Ped min rebil semede

Ji Adem w bn coqeta

Jk vavartin heft d milete(2)

Li gor zargotina me zdiyan, Adem bi qudret keremeta Tawis-Melek zaroka xwe ye ku bi nav ahd (Seyd) bin Cer xwed dike. Gava ahd bin Cer t ye emr zewac, dsa Tawis-Melek Hor yek(nav w Leyla) ji cenet derdixne bi Seyd bin Cer re di zewicne.Di  avkan: 6a :rp.: 765 de j v nrn dide xwan . 

 Ji ahd Bincer Horiy j em zd zde bune lewmaye ku hata ro hj em zd xwe weke milet li pey Tawis-Melek(zd) didane nasandin.

Li gor ku ez ji zargotinn me zdiyan fahm dikim, baweriyn me hem girdann di navbera Xwedann esman xwezay(tabat) ne de rast diyar dikin. Em zd ji hinga ku Tawis-Melek bi reza Xwed haveyn mirovatiy (ahd bincer ji xudana Adem) peyda kiriye heta vga hj ji hem Xwedann di bin erd li esmana ne bawer dikin.

Li gor dtina min sstema baweriya zdiyatiy we ha ye :

 

XWED YEKE SERANSER HEM XWEDANA YE.

DI DESTPKA AFIRANDINA DINYAY DE BAWERIYA ZDIYATIY 

B XWEDANN ESMAN XWEZAY(TABAT) N BUYE.

WEKE BAWERIYA BI : Xwed, Tawis-Melek, Her Heft Milyaketn Kibr, Roj, Hv, Semah, Sitrkan, Agir, Baran, Bay, Birsk, Tofan, Cinika, Serm(il zivistan), Germ(il havn), arem,  Sunnet,  Tok z, Nesax,  Zayn Mirna hem giyanderan, Xefr rya, Qurban Dahin, Rengn Proz whd.

ZDIYATIYA BER DEMA X AD LI SER D NA BYE(1:17):

1           MIRDAT

2          MALA  ADIYAN            

end navn mrgehn Mirdan ne hing evin:

  1.  
    Mrn mrgeha Cizr
  2.  
    Mrn mrgeha li herma xan.
  3.  
    Mrn mrgeha Baban
  4.  
    Mrn mrgeha Dasiniya bakur baur.
  5.  
    Mrn mrgeha Hasenkeyf(Heskf)
  6.  
    Mrn mrgeha Dimiliyan(zerzayiyan).
  7.  
    Gelek mrn li mrgeha mintqa Kils Heleb
  8.  
    Mrn mrgeha li mintqa Qulp Batman
  9.  
    Mrn mrgeha li herma Aut(Amediya)

J. Mrn mrgeha li herma Hekkariy whd.(1)

A - PRANT

Hinek navn malbatn prantiya hing evin:  Pr- sbiya, Hesin Meman, Hec Mihemed, Hacyale, Pra Fat, Hemmerean, Cerwa, Ormexalan, Hec El, Xet Pis,  Mem ivan, Hasnaleke, Al Bekir, Qed Binban, Pr Kemal, k Siwar, Mehme d Reben, Rabe Edewiy (10:68-85) whd.

B - QATAN

Mr Brahm

Pisn Mr Brahm:

1- Mr Masor                                               

Pisn M.Masor                                                            

a. xbekir

b. zdne Mr

2- Mr Melk

Mrn zdiyan ro dibjin em ji binemalan Mr Melkn

 

XWEDAN RHANIYN ZDIYATIYA PIT DEMA X AD WEHA NE:

1

                                               Mrant

Mr xan ji Qatan y ne

2

Extyar Mergh anj Bav x - (ji emsan y ye)

3

Pmam (ji Adan y ne dibine d ax )

a.      Pmam Mergh                         b.  Pmam  Bab x yin nava gel

Ji xn xsna ye                                                           Ji xn erfedna ye

4

    x  a  n  t 

a. Adan

Bav Adany x  Hessen(xsn)e

b. emsan          

Bav emsan y zdnemr e

Bav Qatany yn peiya Mr Brahm j gelek hene kevnin.

c. Qatan

Bav Qatan y di dema x Ad de x xbekir (Biray zdne Mre )e

Pisn x  Hessen(xsn) evin:

 1  x xmus

 2  .Birahm Xetm anj (tman)

 3  .  Mehmed(erfedn)

 Pisn  zdnemr evin :

    a.  ims

Pisn ims j evin:

1 Tokil , 2 Babik,  3 Abdal emsa (Bisk), 4 xal emsa, 5  Al re (Hewend), 6 Xdr  emsa, 7 Hesin emsa (Cel), 8 Amadn,  9 Babadn

Pisn x xbekir evin:

1  Birahim enzel

2 ( smayl   ? )

3  Abdulqadir

 

b.     Fexredn

Pisn  x Fexredn evin:

1 Mend, 2 Bedir, 3 Xatna Fexra(Xezal),  4 . Aqp (ev ji jineke din ne)

 

 

    c. Nasirdn

 

 

    d.  Sicadn

 

 5        

Prant

Berdewama Prantiya ber dema x Ad ne

6

Merebt   

1. Merebiyn x

2. Merebiyn Pr

3. Merebiyn Mird

Biten ji xn xbekran dertn

a.                 Ormexalan

b.                 Hec Mehemed

c.                 Hacyel

d.                 Hec  Al

 Ev mereb dibine merebiyn xn Xatna Fexra bi ten nabine merebiyn mirdan.

7

Qewal

Piraniyan van Qewalan ji era Dumiliyan mirdn Nasirdna ne. Wek din ji eran Mamusiyan mirdn Babadna j dibine Qewal (1)

 

8

Koek Fuqre

Kes ji her qism zddatiy k kerametn w-w hebe dikare bive Koek anj Fuqre

9

Feqr

( Xerqe ji bo herd aliyan j dibe)

1. Feqrn d nav      

           a. Prn Ormexalan      

            b. xn xsinan  

           c. xn  xbekiran

2. Feqrn yek nav

 ji her qism heta ji Mirda j dibe.

10

Micwir

Micwir ji hem qismn dnavan derdikevin

11

 Xwe Biray axretn

 

12                                                                               

 

Mirdat

 

Berdewama Mirdatiya ber dema x Ad ne.

 
 
 

Ez ji xwandevan ulmdaran hvdikim ku ew li kmasiyn min bibuhurin.

Kemal Tolan                                                                                                                4.12.2004

 

avkan:

1.      Pr Xidir S. zdiyat 1996 rp.:56 .

2.      Pr Xidir Sileyman- zdyat 1995 rpel: 49-51 zdiyat 1996 rp.: 39-41.

  1.  
    Zargotina me ye zind(hem ulmdarn me).

4.      http://www.lalish.com/duwa_ser_miri.htm

5.      Kovara Deng zdiyan, hjmar 8+9 -2001 Oldenburg

  1.  
    Di sohbeta min Pmam Hessen(Pmam Xaltiya) 29.10.1997-Oldenburg di Axaftina x Nasir re di kitba : 6a: - Dr.Z.F.Browsti- das Ausland: Wochenschrift fr Lnder und Vlkerunde. Nr.: 39. Rp.: 765- 1886 Sttutgart. Die Jeziden und ihre Religion-

7.      Kovara Deng zdiyan, hjmar 6+7- 1997 Oldenburg

  1.  
    a- Cemid Bender- Krt Mtolojisi 1996 Rpel: 84-85, b- Kovara nstta Berln-Lkoln.hejmar 2. Rp.: 93-143, c- Etem Xemgn- Kurdistanda  Dini Inalar ve Etkinlikler.Rp.:147.. hwd.
  2.  
    Erol Sever- Yezidilik ve Yezidilerin kkeni 1993, li gotinn kur Muav smal.
  3.  
    Kovara Lali.Hejmar:6. x Xelat ar, Rp.:68-85.
  4.  
    Malpera: http://www.pen-kurd.org/, http://www.duhok.net/lalish/index.htm,   http://www.lalish.com/ku_index.html,

 

 

 

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