DI DROK DE GELEK TEVKUJIYN LI ENGAL PK HATINE VEART NE !
 
 
 
Kemal Tolan 
 
 
 
Bguman, hinek rzdar parzvann droka Kurdstan yn birz ji min tir dizanin ku ji hingava nijada Kurdn resen di nava aristaniya rojhilat de peyda bye heta vga, bhesab ferman tevkuj bi sern Kurdn zd haveyne-mirovatiya-mezopotamiya y ne  hatine. Lewma j dibjim, dagirker terorst ji droka bav-kaln xwe yn xwnmij dizanin ku gel rojhilat y her kevnar kurden resen kne  lewmaj ew kafir hj qetlmn xwe ji ser sern me Kurdan km nakin.
 
Bel, ji xwe piraniya xwandevann hja j ba dizanin ku, min di pirtk gotarn xwe yn hatine weandin de tim bahsa ferman, tevkuj, xesar zilma dagirkern Kurdstan hevalbendn wan(ah, xelfe, sultan, paa, mr, beg, wal, axa, jendirme berpirsiyarn hemu baylozxann dewletn dagirker) kiriye.
 
Nimne : 
 
Min di pirtka xwe(Keremkin hn j alkarya parastin nasandina dewlemendya kevneopn zdiyaty bikin ! 2007, Rpel: 293-316) de, hinek agehdariyn li ser ferman tevkujiyn li herma engal pk hatine weha  dane xwan,:
 
Ji xwe hinga k Osman j hatine (1300-1920) bi r zor Kurdstan dagir kirine, hing ewan bialkariya mr begn olperest nezan gelek rn dijwar birine ser heremn mrekn kurdn zd ewan bi hezaran evdn zd di nav mrgehn xwe de qetil kober kirine.
a Em dibnin gava Xan Ahmed Xan(1624), Qere Hesen Xalid Beg and ser eqlawa engal beek ji welat Amd xist bin fermana Osman Beg, pitre r bir ser eretn Xalt Dasan yn zd, ew gelek bi mran li dij w rabn. Di er de herdu mil j gelek zerar ziyan dtin. Di netcey de Xan Ehmed Xan zora wan bir, ew girtin dan dest merivn xwe (1:486).
 
b Di saln nzk 1638 de, ku xelqn zd Ermen bi berxwedann xwe yn li dij Osmaniyan bi ser neketin ne gihtine armancn xwe, d zilm zora dewleta Osman Musilmana li ser wan zdetir dibe. Nivskar Garo Sasuni li ser van zordaran weha dibje:     Ji v dem n de kurdn zd k li heremn Musul, Siirt Sancar (engal k.t.) diman ketine bin rejma Osmaniyan. (2:29)
c - Nivskar roman nivs di v sedsala me de y her navdar Yaar Kemal, di romana xwe (avk.:3) de weha ch dide end ferman qetlamn bi ser zdiyan ve hatine : 
 
Qismek ji xelq Kurd, Ereb Tirkan rahtibne ekan derketibune nvra kutina zdiyan. Poyraz tev qefl leker xwe j ketne nava wan etan teva bihevre di avtine ser gundn zdiyan. Ewan he evdn zd ku emr wan heft heta hefty bu  didane ber singoyn tivingan dikutin. iqas pere, mal, pez, dewar, hesp, ker, zad, zr zv zdiya heb ji xwe re dibirin. Ne dihtin kesek zd ji ber destn wan xelazbibe. 
 
            Di sibeyek de, wexta em Firat derbaskirin, ew dsa rast  lke zdiyn ku kodikirin dihatin. Kerwan zdiyan tevl hesp,ker, dewar, pez peyan dine derkevine ser iyan. Ser bin l ne xwanbu. Ew kesn zd ku ekn wan hebun, xwe dabune piya kerwan. Siwariyn kurd, ereb tirkan li wan hespn ku di dema avtibne ser gundn zdiyan bi dar zor standibun siwarbun tevl evdn ji ber lekeriy reviyane bn. Tabura (koma k.t.) wan kete nava heremn zdiyan bi end siwariyn zdiya re d ev d rojan erkirin. Hem ervann zdiyan kutin lan wan  avtine nav ava em Dcl . Dre vegeriyane ser zdiyn b ek, pn iqas mr xortn may li ber avn jin qzan taz kirin, ew j tev kutin lan wan  j birin avtine nav ava em Dcl. Di pey re hem jin qiz .  iqas zr ,zv , pere mal wan heb di bin darek de komkirin li hevdin parevekirin. .............Di wexta qirkirin talankirina zdiyan de, em Firat Dcl ji xwn diherikn nava wan bi roj mehan ji cesedn nsann mir ye tijebn............Dure , ... Berdewam tevay di (avk.:3. rp.:229-277)
avkaniya wne: http://www.dersim.biz/

KRONOLOJYA DROKA HNEK FERMAN TEVKUJYN KU BER L ENGAL PK HATNE
 
Jixwe ez nikarim tevaya tnekirin, zilm zora ku desthilatdar, dagirker olperestn di nav dervey zdxan de bi ser bav-kaln me zdiyan ve anne wan misiyonern ku bi mal dinya y piyn me zdiyan xapandine, ew ji dn wan derxistine bikim.
 
L, ez niha v kronolojiya droka hinek ferman tevkujiyn ku ber li herma engal pk hatine, ji ber end kitbn ku bi ziman tirk hatine weandin,  li goriya mecaln xwe ten serk wext buyer pk hatine ji bo agehdariyn we xwandevann hja birzbikim.
 
Ji bo fahmdariy dibjim, gelek nivskaran ji engal re gotine, Sincar,Sancar, Sangar, ngal, hwd.  L, ez  di wergera wan de  nav engal bikartnim li goriya dtina min ev nav herm y resen ne.
 
....di pey herba aldiran ya sala 1514 de, paay Osmaniy Yavuz Sultan Selim di nava end salan de herma ......, .........., engal j kirne bi hukumdariya Osmaniyan........avk.:4 rp.::89
 
....di sala 1517 de general Osmaniy Nasuh Paa r ser zdiyn li iyay engal kir.....avk.:4 rp.:92
 
....di saln 1638/39 de xelf Osmaniy Sultan IV.Murat hate ser desthilatdariya li herma Musil...... hwd. hukumdar li zdiyan kir.....avk.:4 rp.:93
 
....di saln 1647/48 de, dema x Mrza(ev zd Mrza Bege k.t.) y  mr xan xwast desthilatdariya li herma Musil bike bin hukum xwe, waliy Osmaniyan y li Wan , ems Paa r ser xan kir. Berxwedana zdiyan bi ser neket. x Mrza dl girt dre ew li sdar dan.. ...
 
....di sala 1715 de paay Osmaniyan y waliy Bexda y, Hesen Paa r ser herma engal kir. zdiyn li herm qetil kirin . Dre desthilatdariya herm ji bin destn zdiyan derxist da ber destn reys ra ereban Bedevi Arab Tayy.....
 
...di saln 1752/53 de waliy Osmaniyan Sleyman Paa, ziyaneke mezin  da zdiyn li derdora engal piraniya wan qetil kir....
 
....di saln 1767/68 de paay Osmaniyan y waliy Musil, Amin Paa bi hukumdariya kur xwe leker and ser zdiyn li herma engal.  Gava zdiyan di na 1.000 pez(min-bizin k.t.) de 800 dan, hing arta Osmaniyan ne musilman, bhijmar evdn zd qetil kirin....
 
....di saln 1773/74 de paay Osmaniyan y waliy Musil, herma engal xera wran kir.....
 
....di saln 1785/86 de paay Osmaniyan y waliy Musil, Abd el Baqi bi arta xwe ya mezin r bir ser zdiyn engal. L bi ser neket piraniya lekern w hatine kutin. Ji ber v j gelek rn erban j r ser gel engal kirin....
 
...di saln1790/92 de ra erebn Bedevi Arab Tayy r ser herma engal kir....
 
...di saln 1792/93 de paay Osmaniyan y waliy Musil Muhamet, het gundn zdiyn li devera engal wran kirin....
 
....di saln 1794/95 de paay Osmaniyan y waliy Bexda y Suleyman Paa, bi hza arta xwe herma engal wran kir , dever ewitandin, 60 jin revandin 600 dewarn wan j dizn.....
 
...di sala 1802/03 de waliy Musil Ali Paa, xwast ku desthilatdariya herma engal bike bin destn xwe. Gava ew  ji aliy bakur ve hucmkir, hzn ra Bedevi Arab j ji aliy bar ve r kirin. Ev ra hovane bi mehan berdewamkir nde, d Kurdn zd mecbur bn desthilatdariya Osmaniyan nasbikin....
 
...di saln 1809/10 de paay Osmaniy, waliy Bexda y Suleyman Qatil , r ser herma engal kir. Bajar Balad, Sincar , Mihirka hinek gundn ku di bakur de bn wran kirin gelek Kurdn zd kutin...
 
..di saln 1832/33 de Mr Muhamed Rewandiz(Mr Kora k.t.) r ser Kurdn zd yn li derdora Zap a jorn, herma Akre engal diman kir. Gelek zd bi qetiliyamn xwe kutin....avk.: 5 Rpel :376-380
 
..ji sala 1833 heta 1837 paay Osmaniy Red Hafiz Paa tev mrn Kurdan Kr Mihammed Rewandiz Bedirxan beg Bota gelek zdiyn dibin hukumdariya Osmaniyan de qetilkirin... avk.:4 rp.:132-138
 
di sala 1892 de paay Osmaniyn musilman mer Vehbi (Feriq k.t.)Paa tev hzn ra Bedevi Arab an r ser zdiyn li herma xan engal kir. Kurdn zd ku musilmanet qebul nekirin, qetilkirin li goriya ku di gotinn hinek avkaniyan de hatine kifkirin, hing 14.000 Kurdn zd musilman kirin...avk.: 5 Rpel :376-380
 
D avkan 4 an( ji rpel 232 heta rpel 249 )de gelek agehdariyn berfire li ser er zilma v mer Vehb(Feriq Paa y  xwnxar zdiyan) j hene.
 
Her weha di derheq van komkujiya eran de hna gelek berhem sitrann gelr di nava zargotina me zdiyan de hen e. Ez nikarim li vir bahsa wan j bikim, l bi hindikay be j, ez v sitrana ku di avkan:5 de hatiye weandin, pk we hjayan bikim.
 
Sitrana er Feriq Paa ya ku di avkan :6 de ji ber deng dengbj Kheyro hatiye nivsandin weha ye:
Kheyro :
6. L day, l day, l day,
Diyar min krana Bekira biewite wa bi bere,
Mi d li v beyana ber sib,
s blk
esker Feriq Paa danne ser em Zoqa y ,
Li gund me, li Gir Ereba,
Bel Xwed zanibe ber topa ser mal me
dirijin weke mman ira,
 
Mi d Os Mecd, kek Kemal,
s denga gaz dike Mehmud Os,
Dawd sa babe Dawd,
Ew Sifq vdo bav Saleh,
siwar Boz, Gel xortd ingaliya,
bav bira, lep hilnin 
Bar xwe ji nizama Ferq Paa dernin,
erz eyal rn metirsnin,
Gul sora ji dest nizama Ferq Paa
v  sib bifkinin
 
Bel bi xod aferim bona mrd weke
Mihem Evdo bav Saleh, li ser var,
Tara r sirav siwar dihajotine li nav adiran.
 
7. Bje zdo, zdo,
Mane banek me nema, gel hogiran
hevala dinrim krana Bekira wa bi kaa,
Mi d ji bayana ber sib danne ser
eme Zoqay, gund gir Ereba s
blkd girane ji esker Ferq Paa,
 
Nalne kete mrat raaa,
 
Li aliya xarbi re piya eskerꅅ.,
firqa El Paa
L bel li aliy erq re piya c
kete em Rea,
Me d Mihem Evdo, bav Saleh,
s denga xort ingara kete kali Gel gl
sora bav bira mr cabin, lep hilnin,
Enka bi kozika van metersa,
 
Bel bi Xod, li em Bekira qo
Ereban hukumet xelas nekin cenaz laa.
 
8. Xwed v car
Zervka Os bang dike
L l Gul xwehng, wez bang dikim,
deng min dernay,
ez bang dikim, deng min dernay,
deng top tifing esker Ferq Paa
agir Xod berda bye dinyay,
 
Mendikaniya xayne y hedayet,
y xalet, ye ray,
 
Ev bi s roj dew dwe gdke xerb
deng tifinga Mihem El Axa bav
Milhim tucar bi cara nay,
 
Bi xod ji qadm ziman Xwerkaniya
xayne roja,
Mirin tucara hndadeke me lib a nay avk.:6
 
avkaniya wne.: http://www.kurecik.com
 

Di saln 1925 / 26 de rvebirn ngilzan dixwastin erd ingar(engal k.t) pxine ser xaka Sriy. L Dawd Dawd bi v hukm ngilz raz nedibu. Weha ngilz x cl-x la emeriya bihevre  xwastin erd zdiyd ingar bistnin. Dawd ev seroriye qebl nekir bersng wan girt.. avk.:6 rpel:231-232
 
end malikn sitrana er Dawd Dawd ku di avk.:6 rpel:238 de hatiye birzkirin j weha ye 
 
er Dawd Dawd
 
Dawd Dwd bi s denga gaz dike
 dm Hezo Hesok Hemz Sileman Mehmd,
Bav me , mr bikin, bixebitin
V sib hn dest hilnin. Mra
Bikujin xwna narinc ber erd wenin
Dest xwe li qebd xencera biidnin
 
av xwe ji blk eskera, nzama ngilz biknin,
Bira v sibek dsay,
Em dest bi kiik mezin zdiy iyay ingal bikin,
.
Berdewam v sitran di avk.:6 rpel:238 de ye.
 
 
Kemal Tolan
27.09.2007
 
 
avkan:
1  erefxan Bedls-EREFNAME Tarxa Kurdstan ya kevn 1579-, Wergera kurmanci:ya ji aliy Zya Avci ve di sala 1998 de apa yekem a Kurmanci ji Weanxaneya Apec, wean Nr.: 129 hatiye weandin.
2 - Garo Sasun-Krt Ulusal Hareketleri ve Ermeni-Krt ilikileri, Stockholm-1986.
3 - Yaar Kemal, Frat Suyu Kan Akyor Baksana Bir Ada Hikayesi I- Ocak 1998 stanbul.
4 John S. Guest, Yezidiler Tarihi. Weann Avesta 2001
5 - E.Xemgn, Krdistan Tarihi cilt-3 , Agri Verlag 1991 rpel:373-380.
6- Christine Allison, The Yezidi Oral Tradition in Iraqi Kurdistan, Rp.:219-221, 234-238
 
 
 
 

 

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