Taybetmendiyn Helbestn Seyda Cegerxwn

   

 
 
Mustefa Red  
 

  

 

Destpk:

B guman em nikaribin di navbera end xulekan de lkolneke hja li helbestvaniya Seyda Cegerxwn bikin. Nirxandina btir heyt dwann w bi end gotinn bi lez pk nay. Da ku em ji arewa gotarek dernekevin, em ten awireke kurt li hin aliyn helbestvaniya Seyda Cegerxwn bidin.

Seyda Cegerxwn bi gelemper helbestn pvay nivsandine. Hin helbestn w yn azad hene, l li gor yn pvay beek gelek bik e. Cudahiya helbesta pvay ji ya azad ew e, ku ya pvay btir bi mzk ve girday ye her helbestek bi ahengiyeke taybet heya dawiy berdewam dibe. Ev aheng bi hejmara ktan qafiyey t espandin pkkirin. Rewa helbestvan ku helbestn pvay dinivsne wek rewa lstikvan ku li ser qeay semay dike ye. awa ku lstikvan li ser qeay dikare her liv ivek bide xwe, l bi merc ku xwe hergav li ser lingan ragire ji terazya xwe nekeve, helbestvan ku helbesta pvay j dinivsne, dikare her titek bje, l bi merc ku ahengiya ji xwe re hilbijartiye biparze; ew j ji hejmara ktn malikan qafiyey pk t. Ev bingeh e. Ji bil v, ew j wek lstikvan li ser qeay, iqas bikaribe hunera xwe bide xuyakirin, ewqas j serkefttir e.

Di v nivsa xwe de, ten em dixwazin hin taybetmendiyn helbestvaniya Seyda Cegerxwn bnin ber avan.

  1. Helbestn Seyda ji aliy dirv forma malikan ve bi gelek weyan hatine hnandin. Seyda Cegerxwn di ristina helbestn xwe de hin teknkn taybet bi kar anne, ku hinek ji wan ev in:

a)   Yek bi yek: Du malikn ku hejmara ktn wan wek hev malika didoy wek qafiye hatiye girtin, ku heya dawiya helbest ew qafiye dimne.

 Nimne:

 Welat min tu w bka chan        

Hem bax bihut mrg kan

epal eng ox nau gewr      

Gelek rn rind pir ciwan

Ser taca Selahedn Kurd        

En roj e di birca asman

Du birhn te kevan Rustem Zal

Du zulfn te ji trn qehreman

 _ _ _ _   _ _ _ _   _ _ _                _ _ _ _   _ _ _ _   _ _ _

11                                                                  11

/ /o/o/o  //o/o/o  //o/o                mefalun mefalun felun

 

 b)     Yek bi yek: Yek du li hev tn di pey re qafiye t guhertin.

 Nimne:

 R r ez tm, iya tev bi dar       _ _ _  _  _   _ _  _  _  _      10

Hewran girtibn newal nizar          _ _  _ _ _   _ _ _  _ _          10

                                                                  5                 5

Te digo qey diim peravn ava

Dinyake evre roj b ava

 
P min i b li ser van iya

Vna Kurdistan kirbm eqiya


Min li xortn Kurd tim dikir haw
ar

Ji ser xwe rakin v dar kevnar

 

c)    Du bi du : Du malikn ku hejmara ktn wan wek hev herdu malik bi qafiye hevdu digirin. Du malikn pit wan j wisa, l bi qafiyeyeke din wisa heya dawiya helbest.

     Nimne:

Ev zenara ereb

Ku li Cizr dib

            Ne piteke arta ye

            Ne bendeke bada ye

Zencrek e ji hasin

Ew davjin mil min

            Da min ji qurm ve rakin

            Qada min j leva kin

d)    Du bi du: Her ar malik bi yek qafiyey wisa her pit ar malikan qafiye t guhertin heya dawiya helbest. L hejmara ktan di hemiya de bi qas hev in.

    Nimne:

Nalnek t guh min, l winda nihan e            _ _ _  _  _ _ _, _  _ _ _  _ _ _ 14

Agir berda dil min, tev b pt dixan e                       7                       7

Barek da ser mil min, l barek giran e

Dane ser hev kuln min, hem derd bela ne

 

Deng k ye dinal, nalenala welat e

Dik gaz, dikal, rabin ax xebat e

Kurd Zaz Celal, tevde kin civat e

Kes xwe nedin v al, ro roja felat e

 

Xortn Kurdan iyar bn, gih nadin van nemerdan

                       

e)   Du malik bi du malik, ktn hem malikan bi qas hev, malika didoy ya ar xwed yek qafiyey ne. Qafiye heya dawiya helbest dimne.

Nimne:

DERD MIN KR E

Derd min kr e, wek em Aras                                    (10)

Leker xem her wek ah Ebas

                        Di ra te de me dane kutin

                        Gelek eleng fris mrxas

Jar gerdenxwar, tev mane bindest

Hezar Ristem egd gernas

            Diwazde emaret me kirne wran

            Ketin bin lingn Seln lqas

 

XWEDIY MIRIYAN KOR E

 

Bext me re e, qird me kor e                                    (10)                       

Em tim li jr in, dijmin li jor e

                        Darika jna me hik b ber

                        Xaniy dijmin bilind me her gor e            (12)

Em al quma xwe didin biha-km                                    (12)

Kiras, apan derp naor e

                        Rast e dibjin: Geyay hew tal e

                        L nizanin ku ekir dijmin or e                        (11)

f)     Du malik bi du malik, ktn hem malikan bi qas hev, malika yek ya didoy wek hev ya sisy ar wek hev. Qafiyeya herdu cotn malikan heya dawiya helbest dimne. Qafiye ji tpn yek cihderk.

Nimne:

Eger pr eger mr eger beg                                 (4+4+3)

i Eyb, i Merwan, i Bermek

                      Hem ne, bel em mane nr

                      Ji xwe dijmin li pey me her wek seg

Dijn em her li ser ax zinaran

Kevir balf e bo me, qad e doek

                      Bi ldan geh, bi kutin geh bi talan

                      Li olan em dibazin hac legleg

g)    Du malik bi du malik, malikn yek du bi yek qafiyey yn s ar j wek hev, l ji yn yek du cuda. ar malikn din dsa wisa, l bi qafiyeyn din.

Nimne:

Ey Kurd tu ima wisan dinal                                    (10)

Axn keser ji herdu al

                        Bext re e ji reng bilbil

                        Herdem diger li xuneya gul

Doza te gulek ne wek gula ye

Lewra te li p bilbila ye

                        Bex ku li nav e ew gula zer

                        Bazn du belek li ser dikin er

 

h)    Du malik bi du malik, ktn hem malikan bi qas hev, malika ar qafiye ye   heya dawiya helbest dimne.

Nimne:

Ey suxtey b nav deng                                    (8)

Dijmin li ser balafir e

                        Pir leker top tiveng

                        Seyda ew e, ew mahir e

Sed sal in ev Zeyd Emr

Ceng e digel ra mel

                        Mertal di dest wan de bihut

                        Gurz di dest wan agir e

x ku tac teylesan

Wergirtiye reng Xidir

                        Rnitiye lBirca Belek

                        ah Ecem eh Nadir e

i)      Du malik bi du malik, ktn hem malikan bi qas hev, malika ar serdor e   heya dawiya helbest t dubarekirin.(DIBISTAN)

Nimne:

Her ar xzn Kurdistan                        (7)

Hem iya zozan

Tij piling r in

Bij, bij Kurdistan

Ez bi k im dixwnim

Zilma dijmin dibnim

Bi kutin bi ferman

Bij, bij Kurdistan

j)     Du malik bi du malikan. Malikn yek du li hev tn, l di pey re tn guhertin. Malika sisy dibe qafiye heya dawiye dimne. Malika ar dibe serdor.

Nimne:

(KURDO MAR)

Tev tev rabin, ro b er                                    (8)

Ev ev roja ceng tevger

                        Tevde rabin kom leker            (8)

                        Hayd kurdo, mar, mar

Bes bes, tevde rabin wek mr

Herkes pevre rabin weke r

                        Tevde rabin dest bi xener

                        Hayd kurdo, mar, mar

 

k)   Du malik bi du malik. Malikn yek s li hev tn. Malikn dido ar wek serdor tn dubarekirin.(TEV EGD PEHLEWAN).

Nimne:

Em Kurd in, Kurd in, Kurd in             (7)

            Welat me Kurdistan                        (7)

Mr gernas merd in

            Tev egd pehlewan

Roja ceng em r in

            Welat me Kurdistan

Xwedan tac zr in

            Tev egd pehlewan

l)      Du malik dirj li hember ar malikn kin. Du malikn dirj li hev tn. Ji ar malikn kin j dido li hev tn ya aremn li yn dirj t.(HERNE WAI)

Nimne:

B welat, b felat em i ne kurdino                        (3+3+3+3) = 12           

B civat, b xebat em i ne kurdino

                                    B xelc b ferat            (3+3) = 6

                                    B Cizr b Xelat

                                    B sera b kelat

                                    Em i ne kurdino

Tp kom ku nebin em i ne b ewa

Tang top ku nebin em i ne b ewa

                                    Tp kom kewt ge

                                    Tang top bidne p

                                    Va ye dijmin rev

                                    Herne wa, herne wa

m)  S malik bi du malik, hejmara ktan wek hev. S malikn p mna hev, du malikn din mna hev. Di pey re qafiyeya smalikan t guhertin, l ya dumalikan heya dawiya helbest wek xwe dimne. (OLA ME XORTAN).

Nimne:

Em welat xwe nadin bi Berln                        (5+5)

Det latn xwe em nadin bi n

Welat me ye bilind e, rn

                                    Ola ,e xortan miletperest

                                    Ji me dr dix xwar sist

ro nams e, rabin ey milet

Doza xwe bikin bi dn dewlet

Welat me ye, xwe bye cenet

                                    Ola ,e xortan miletperest

                                    Ji me dr dix xwar mest

n)    S malik li hember s malikan. Her s malik li hev tn. Ktn tevan bi qas hev.

Nimne:

KOMA MILETAN

Welat kurdan tev xr br e                        (5+5) = 10

Hem maden e, tev zv zr e

L ci bikim ro maye jxelk re

                        Welat kurdan hem men e

                        Egd r piling t hene

                        Hem heval pismamn me ne

o)   ar malik li hember ar malikan, kt git mna hev. Malikn yek du wek hev, pnc e wek hev, s heft azad, ar heyt heya dawiya helbest mna hev (HEY FELEK).

Nimne:

Hey felek felek, hey zalim felek             (5+5)

Ka ew Kurdistan, ka bircn belek

Min nav cinet, ji te bi minet

Serbest aza, va m cihenem

                        Te mal neda me, ka hec zekat

                        Min j qet nav ev sewm selat

                        Bendn qanna te tev irandin

                        Ka sozn te wek isbet-il-imem

p)   ar malik li hember ar malikan. Ktn ar malikn p wek hev ktn s malikn din wek hev, ya dawiy cuda, l ne bi qas arn p. Qafiyeya ar malikn p t guhertin ar malikn din ten wek serdor tn dubarekirin

Nimne:

(ROJA XWENDEVANA)

ro roja xwendevana                        Kurdn hja xortn zana            (8 + 8)

Roja mran, roja ran                  Roja kurd pehlewana

            Doza me serxwebn            Yekt pven                        (6 + 6)            SERDOR

            Bilind zanebn            Rabin ser xwe kurdino            (6 + 7)

q)   Her pnc malik bi hev re. ar li hev tn, ya pnc heya dawiya helbest wek qafiye dimne.(Pncika min Zibr Kurd).

Nimne:

Ey eh alcenab, wey hakim bextiyar kurd

Wey erefxan cihan, wey bingeh hawar kurd

Kawis zrnkulah, wey Ristem serkar kurd

Serwer alcenab qewm kurd xemxwar kurd

Bais fexr geroh milet xembar kurd

 

Kurd peran maye ro tk de bn serqot rot

Dijmin ew dane ber hev dil bi ate wan disot

Tk li ber topan biritin kal xort bk dot

Ger dipirs tu li hal milet meqhr xot

Hor bedbext xiflet girt dil hoar kurd

...   
..
.

r)     Her e malik bi hev re. Nvmalik li hev tn. Nvmalika heft wek serdor t dubarekirin. (NROJA KEYO, Dwan I, r. 74)

 

Seyda di helbestn xwe de malikn ar kt bi ar ktan heya yn panzdeh kt bi panzdeh ktan bi kar anne.

            HELBESTAK (Ronak, IV, 164)

            Ebr ev                             - - - -            4

                        rn dev                            - - - -  4

                                    Lv hinguv                        - - - -  4

                                                Xanim                                      - -  2

           

Ez nexwe im                                - - - -  4

            Ne serxwe im             - - - -  4

                        Der veke                            - - - -  4

                                    Canim                                      - -  2

 

Mixabin pir caran di away nivsandin de nv-malik malik ji hev nehatine cudakirin ji ber w pir caran - wek nimne, malikn heft kt bi heft ktan, bi away ardeh bi ardehan hatine nivsandin. Li vir diviyab nvmalik bihatana xuyakirin.

L bel, helbestn Seyda Cegerxwn ne hergav bi malikn ku hejmara ktn herdu aliyan mna hev hatine ristin. Bi gotineke din, gelek helbest hene, ku e bi pnc, heft bi e, heyt bi heft herwisa hatine hnandin. Ka em wek nimne, bala xwe bidin helbesta Kurdistan ya Bax ehbal Per yn di dwana aran de.

                        Kurdistan

            Bilind e bejn bala te                                       = 8

                                    Li ser taca te esman e                                    = 8

Kitanek rengsip daye

                                    Ser Zozan Spane

            Li jor kan cobar

                                    Wek hstir dibarin xwe

            L jr te dibnim ez

                                    Bihut bax bistane

            Kirasek etlezn kesk e

                                    Bi reng roje nexn e

            Li bejna te dibnim xwe

                                    Bi surme al mtan e

            i rengrn e yara min

                                    epal nazik ox e

            Ferat Dicl Xabor

                                    Bi ser bejn de berdane

           

Ev helbest tev heyt kt bi heyt ktan e.

                       

Bax ehbal Per

            Nazika min hate xwar                         = 8

                                    Daye hundir ewq tav                   = 7

            Xan dagirt ji bn

                                    Nrgiz misk gulav

            B bihut mrg gulen

                                    ek gul pikuvn

            Bax ebal Pr b

                                    Padah im ez di nav

            Dame dest gewr nazik

                                    Ku bi germ min guvat

            Herdu avan tr reandin

                                    Sorelvan kir silav

            Min di ber snga xwe de

                                    An ser berdaye ser

            Ez bi avan l dinrim

                                    Bejn bala pir zirav

            Sihrebaz in herdu avn

                                    Rebelek awir vedan

            R wek berfa zinaran

                                    Bisk li hawr bne dav

L bel, ev helbest tev heyt bi heft ktan e.

 

  1. Ji aliy aheng mzk ve.

Ji ber ku piraniya helbestn Seyda Cegerxwn pvay ne, ew gelek bi aheng in. Mirov dikare piraniya wan bi qeyd awaz bje. Her her, hinek ji wan wek stran hinek j wek sird hatine nivsandin. Gava em dest bi xwendina v helbesta w, ya ku bi zar soran hatiye nivsandin dikin, yekser t xuyakirin, ku ew sird e:

            Ey welatem, pt latem,

pr xemgn te me

            Rencber lawan t me,

peyk mizgn te me

 
           
Ger kurdt pm deln b

dn gawir pm xwe e

            Dn manim tiw, men

dn b dn te me

            Em peran zilet,

tk le q t exm

Pm deln em t dn e,

rast e men dn te me

Bixwe, w j ev helbest di dwana yekem de xistiye nav be MAR XWEXWANAN

iqas ev helbesta ji bo bibranna Pewa Qaz Mihemed di dwana diwem (Sewra Azad) de ketibe nav be tevay j, l gava mirov w dixwne, yekser ahenga sird tde dibne:

            Xak Kurdistan bi qurban

                                    Pir ciwan paqij

            Xwn rijandin pir kurn te

                                    Wa li her al rij

            Milet Kurd ta ku sax e

                                    Ew ji v r nager

                        Afer, afer

                        Afer Qaz Mihemed afer

Gelek helbestn Seyda Cegerxwn ji aliy dengbjn Kurdistan ve wek stran tne gotin wisa dwann w bne kaniya strann pir dengbjan. Gelek helbestn din j hene, ku ew bi ristin, aheng mzkiya xwe stran in, l hn ti dengbjn me ew negotine. Wek nimne, helbesta Pir xwe e, pir xwe e, ev dinya pir xwe e (Ronak, r. 131) wek stan hatiye ristin, l mixabin heya niha j ti kes ew bi stran negotiye.

 

4. Kilaskiya Cegerxwn

B guman, Seyda Cegerxwn helbestn azad j nivsandine, l bi gelemper helbest w pvay ne; ew di v war de li ser opa helbestvann me yn kilask ye. W hin helbest, bi mebest, mna yn kilaskn me Melay Cizr Ehmed Xan nivsandine. K helbesta w ya bi sernivsa Dil ji min bir bixwne, yekser dizane, ku Seyda dixwaze bi v helbesta xwe Melay Cizr bi br bne vejne:

Nimne I:

Melay Cizr dibj:

            ox eng, zuhrereng                   Dil ji min bir, dil ji min

            Awirn heybetpiling                          Dil ji min bir, dil ji min

            W epal, miskexal                       Dmdur, gerden emal

            Cebheta biskan sema l                   Dil ji min bir, dil ji min

            Zulf xalan, nn dalan                   Wan ji min dil bir bi talan

            Goeh qews hlalan                       Dil ji min bir, dil ji min

            Dm nedr, bo ebr                          Xemr geyso herr

            Sne kir amanc tr                            Dil ji min bir, dil ji min

            Sur rn, nazenn                          Kutim nakit yeqn

            W bi engala evn                          Dil ji min bir, dil ji min

            Fetl taban da xuraban                    Ebleq coht ebaban

            Dame ber pen kulaban                Dil ji min bir, dil ji min


Ya Cegerxwn DIL JI MIN BIR:

            Kaniya ava heyat                             eker qend nebat

            Wey li ser avn me hat                  Dil ji min bir, ah dil

            R ji roj, reng doj                          Driya w dil disoj

            Min ku dt ew bi roj                          Dil ji min bir, ah dil

            Pir rn, nazenn                           Kutime w ez bi dn

            Dm ji ana hinguvn                       Dil ji min bir, ah dil

            ox eng, gul ji reng                  Xrxwer, Teymr leng

            Dame ber top tiveng                    Dil ji min bir, ah dil

            W delal, dil li bal                         Serwebejn, gul ji xal

            Ebrwn wek nn dal                  Dil ji min bir, ah dil

 

            Nimne II:

Helbesta Seyda Cegerxn: DI SER AVN ME RE HAT li hember helbesta Melay Cizr ya bi nav deng SEBAHLXEYR YA XANIM ( yan j helbesta Seyda ya bi sernivsa: TU ZAN MA I DERMAN E, Ronak, r. 179).

            Tu hat lvirna min                                        Sebahlxeyr xan min 

            Evn dilvirna min                                          eh rn zeban min

            Were xwe ke birna min                                Tu w rh rewan min

                        Di ser avn me re hat                              Bibit qurban te can min

            Bi xelm xz tu wek Zn                              Heyat raheta canim

            epal eng rn                                    Sebahlxeyr ya xanim

            Ji daxwaz re drbn                                    Were bnahiya ehvan

                        Bi ddar pet lat                                                Bibnim bejn balay

            Bi ddara xwe pir rind

            Bir heyv eker xend

            Di v r de hunermend

                        Bi bejna xwe tu emat

Em bixwazin nexwazin, helbesta pvay hebestvan bi aheng qafiyey girdide. Ev rastiya han helbestvan near dike, ku hin caran ji bo ku aheng qafiye b parastin, hin peyvn ku ji bi naverok re naguncin bi kar bne, yan j mirov dide py aheng qafiyey zor li naverok dike. Ka em bala xwe bidin v helbesta Seyda:

Dezgirtiya Xortan (Dwana Yekem)

            Nalnek t guh min            

L winda   nihan e

            Agir berda dil min             

Tev b pt dixan e

            Barek da ser mil min         

L barek giran e

            Dane serhev kuln min        

Hem derd bela ne

            Deng k ye dinal               

Nalenala welat e

            Dik gaz, dikal                     

Rabin ax xebat e

            Kurd Zaz Celal              

Tevde kin civat e

            Kes xwe nedin v al             

ro roja felat e

Gava di v helbest de Kurd Zaz Celal t gotin, di naverok arseyeke mezin derdikeve; wek ku Zaz Celal ne Kurd bin, t fhmkirin.

3. Cegerxwn evndar

Di her dwaneke seyda Cegerxwn de beek li ser evndariy j heye. Tit ku bala me dikie, ew e, ku Seyda Cegerxwn bi awayek gelek vekir njen li ser evndariy dinivsne. Pit ewqas sal, pit ku hejmareke mezin ji kurdan hn ji nveka sedsala bstan de li Ewropay j dijn gelek kes ji wan hesp xwe di qada helbestvaniy de dibeznin, l dsa j kesek di war helbesta evndariy de nikare av li destn Seyda bike. Bi rast mirov mat dimne, awa hn di nv pn y sedsala bstan de, ku Seyda ji hawrdoreke oldar hatiye bi v away njen li ser evndariy dibje. Em hin nimneyan bidin:

Nimne I

Ken eker j rij

Min lv bi lvan mij

Herdu ku em bne ye

Ber me in pir gelek

da me qedeh l tij

ebnem li dora gul

ah keyf henek

bexe li nv baxil

(ji Dwana SEWRA AZAD, keng li min ro hil)

Nimne II

Doza ciwan cane l                         

Cama lebaleb daye min                 

Ma k ji lvn erxewan

Cama erab namij?

Cama eraba lal dur

Min lv bi ser lvan de bir

Pncsed qedeh min j vexwar

Tna dil min nakuj           

(Dwana III, Pesn yar)            Ev helbest di dwana 4an de bi awayek din hatiye dubarekirin. (Yar hat civna min bi ev, r. 185)

Nimne III

Min ji lvan erbeta s-

            van vexwar dev bi dev

Zulf biskn misk tar

            L ikest herdu av

Ewr gomanan belav b

            Tirs sawr qet neman

Yar bi  avn rebelek ez

            Z gihandim ber delav

hwd. (Ronak, Bax ehbal Per)

 

Du sedemn v wey azad njen hene:

a)    Folklora me ya gelr: Ev we dide xuyakirin, ku Seyda Cegerxwn ne ku ten folklora me ya gelr ba nas dike, giyan w bi v anda resen hatiye stran ji lew re j bi awayek sirt dikeve nav derya evn.

Di folkrola me ya gelr de nimneyn gelek balk hene. Di destana Mem Alan de hatiye:

                        Bisk qeter berdane ser gulyane

                        Xwe pane li text pit qulincane

                        Taximek hr jre hnane

                        Xwe berdane ser psr sepetn derziyane

                        Nizanim iftn memane

                        Ser bisk gulyn sor

                        Mna ser mar teyar badane

 

Seyda j dibje:

                                    L ji avan tr dibarin

                                    Reng mar in regul             (Penge r, Dwan 4, r. 177)

b)    Raperna Cegerxwn ya li dij kevneperstiy bi hem weyn xwe ve aliy w y navnetewey. Cegerxwn bi kelepora kurd netewa Kurd bi git ve kp girday ye, l ti car j xwe ji kelepora chan nebiriye.

           

 

 

  

 

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