Cih apemeniy Di pvebirina Ziman Wjey de

M. Nezr Silo

Nezirsilo@hotmail.com

 

Di nav ert mercn ku derketin di sedsala 20an de, rewenbrn Kurd cih apemeniy bandora w di jiyan, tekon pvebirina gelan de tgihitin bi nirx dtin. Lewra derfetn dest xwe de heyn bikar ann ji bo apkirin weandina rojname, kovar pirtkan bi ziman Kurd zimann dtir. Qahra, Pars, London, Cinv, Stenbol, am Beyrt bbn wargehn apemeniya Kurd.

apameniya Kurd, her end ku lewaz jar be, xwendevann xwe j km bin, ne ten bi nueyan snordar ma, her weha li ser babetn civak, kultur, wjey, zanyar abor, perwerde ji jin, xwendevan zarokan radiwestiya di weann xwe de. Ziman weann Kurd; Kurd, Ereb, Tirk, Firans, ngilz Rus b. Hinek rojname kovarn Kurd bi du zimanan, hinek j bi s zimanan bi hev re derdiketin. Evan j bi tayebet li ser mijarn ramyar, deoloj derdiketin, ji bo xwendevan rewenbrn Kurdan da ku pirsgirka Kurd di asta netew chan de bide nandan.

apemeniya Kurd, li hemeber pirsgirka tpn nivsandina ziman Kurd r bi r mab. Gelek kesn biyan dema mirov bi xwe ji lkolna apemeniya Kurd dike, tdigih, ku apemeniyeke tgihit b welatperwer b. Deng qrna li dij ewisandin zordestiya ser gel Kurd dihat rvebirin b, banga ji bo tkon rizgarkirin b.

Lewra cihek xwe y girng di jenandina hestn netew de heye li cem gel Kurd. Rojnamevaniya kurd peywenidyek pir mezin balk dida ziman, and wjeya gel Kurd, ji bo bide nasn pve bibe.

apemeniya Kurd, gelek rbern bi nav deng heb. Ji wan kesn rewenbr welatperwer, n ku xwendina xwe di zanngehn Ewrupa Stenbul de kirn. Ji van kesan di piy de tn Miqdad Bedirxan , Abdurezaq Bedirxan, Celadet Kamuran Bedirxan, Refq Hilim, Hesn Hazim, Ehmed Sabr, Memdoh Selm, Kemal Nr, Tewfq Premrd, Qadir Medres Abdullah Goran in.

apemeniya Kurd di mea xew ya dirj de, li hember gelek pirsgirk ewisandin ji aliy hzn dagirker ve r bir maye. Lewra mirov dibne ku rojnameyek end hjmar diwene t girtin, yan cih w t guhertin. Di encam de apemeniya Kurd riya xwe berdewam kiriye wek tevgerek apemen pkeft bi reng naveroke xwe wek nimune ye.

Hin weann bi nirx di droka apemeniya Kurd de.

1-Rojnama Kurdistan: Rojnama yekemne ku di 22 Nsan a 1898an li Qahr bidest Miqdad Bedirxan hat weandin. Ev rojname bye despkirina droka apemeniya Kurd. W cihek girng di droka ziman wjeya gel Kurd de girt, ji ber ku cara yekemn b bi ziman Kurd, rojnameyek derdikeve. Pit ku hat girtin cih w ya ji Qahre hate guhertin bi London Cnv, weandina xwe berdewam kir. 3000 jimar derdixist diande Kurdistan, li ser mijarn politk, and radwestiya di hjmara xwe ya piy de Mem Zn a Ehmed Xan di weand sembolek di rpela despk de dan b, ji bo ku gel Kurd di riya w sembol ra bala gel Kurd bikin li ser pejirandina endustiriy, ji ber ku bi w riy re, pketina Gel Kurd didt.

2/ Rojnama Kurd: Di sala 1907an de, x Abdulqadir Abdulah emzn li Stenbol bi ziman Kurd Tirk di weand.

3/ Kovara Roja Kurd: Di sala 1913an de li Stenbol bi ziman Kurd Tirk dihat weandin, li ser rpela w ya despk wneya Selahedn Eyb heb. 32 rpel bn, pit w nav xwe guharand. Kovara Hataw Kurdistna (Roja Kurdistan)

4/ Rojnama Kurdistan: Di navbera saln 1915-1916an de, ji aliy Hisn Mukriyan ve li Heleb dihat weandin.

5/ Rojnama Jn: Di navbera sala 1917 1918an de, li Qahr ji aliy Sriya Bedirxan ve dihat weandin. Di w dem bi xwe de j li Stenbol rojnamek bi nav Kurdistan di hat weandin.

6/ Rojnama Pkewtin: Rojnameyek heftane b, li Silmaniy ji sala 1916an de berdewam kir heta sala 1919an

7/ Rojnama Kurdistan: Rojnameyek wjey heftane b, di sala 1917an de li Stembol, Mihemed Mehr diweand.

8/ Rojnama Jn: Rojnameyek and wjey heftane b, ji aliy rewenbrn Kurd ve di sala 1919an de li Stenbol, ji wana Memdoh Selm Kemal Nr di weandin.

9/ Kovara Bang Kurdistan: Bi ziman Kurd, Tirk li Baxda d di sala 1914an de Cemaledin Baban di weand, mijarn w ayn Kultur, drok andin bn.

10/ Rojnama Pkewtin Silman: Mistefa Paa li Silmaniy sala 1920an di weand

11/ Rojnama Roj Kurdistan: Rojnameyek politk heftane b, di sala 1922an de li Silmaniy dihat weandin. Sazimaniya x Mehmud Berzenc b.

12/ Rojnama Umida Serxwabn: Rojnameyek politk ya heftane b, di sala 1923an de di ax serhildana x Mehmud de ji aliy Ahmed Sebr ve, pit w Refq Hilm, pit re ji aliy Hisn Nazim ve di hat weandin.

13/ Rojnama Riya Taze: Rojnameyek politk wjey li rvan di sala 1922an de her hefte du caran ji aliy Komek rewenbrn Kurd Sovyet ve dihat weandin

14/ Rojnama Nitman: Rojnameyek politk wjey li Mehabad di sala 1933an de ji aliy komela jiyanewey Kurd ve dihat weandin. Pit avakirina komara Mehabad b deng komar.

15/ Rojnama Kurdistan: Ji aliy part Demokrat Kurdistan- ran dema avakirina komara Mehabad de, heftiy de s caran dihat weandin. Di sala 1948an de hat rawesatndin.

16/ Kovara Kurdistan: Kovarek politk wjey b. Sala 1945-1946 li Mehabad ji aliy Mela Qadir Medres ve dihat weandin.

17/ Bang Kurdistan: Kovarek wjey, zanyar her s mihan carek li Silmaniy di sala 1922an de ji aliy Mustefa Yamekl ve dihat weandin.

18/ Rojnama Jiyanewey: Rojnaeyek wjey heftane b. Di sala 1924an de li Silmaniy dihat weanidin bi alikariya ngliza. Pa helbestvan Kurd Tewfq Premr ji aliy xwe ve daye weandin bi nav Jn.

19/ Rojnama Diyar Kurdistan: Rojnameyek wjey civak heftane b, ji aliy Salih Zek Sahibqeran ve li Bexda d, di sala 1925 an de dihat weandin.

20/ Kovar Zar Kurmanc: Kovarek wjey, drok mehane b. Di nevber sala 1926an heta sala 1932an ji aliy Hizn Mukriyan ve dihat weandin.

21/ Kovara Hawar: Kovarek wjey, and, zanist her pazde rojan carek ji aliy Celadet Bedirxan ve bi tpn Kurdiy Latn ji saln 1932 heta 1936an li am dihat weanidin. Cara yekem b ku kovarek Kurd bi tpn Latn dihat weandin. Di v kovar de babetn and, wjey, filiklor rzimana ziman Kurd ya ku Celadet afirand dihat weandin. Gelek rewenbr helbestvan n mna Osman Sebr, Cigerxwn, Qedr Can, Nredn Zaza t de nivsandinn wan dihatin weandin.

22/ Kovara Ronah: Berdewama kovara Hewar b, di sala 1941an de li am ji aliy Celadet Bedirxan ve dihat weandin.

23/ Kovara Roja N: Kovara and, drok heftane ku  Celadet Bdiraxan li Beyrt di sala 1943an de diweand.

24/ Kovara Ronak: Kovarek zanist, civak, wjey heftane b. Li bajar Hewlr di sala 1935an de, ji aliy t Mustefa ve dihat weandin.

25/ Kovar Ziman: Kovarek and, drok, abor heftane b. Li Silmaniy di sala 1937an de ji aliy Salih Qeftan ve dihat weandin. Pit w nav w guherand Zanist, du salan Berdewam kir.

26/ Kovara Jn: Kovarek wjey, civak heftane b. Ji aliy helbestvan Tewfq Premr ve dihat weandin pitre ji aliy helbestvan Abdullah Goran ve dihat weandin, ji sala 1939-1963an.

27/ Kovar Gelawj: Kovarek and, wjey mihane b. Ji aliy brahm Ehmed Alaedn Sicad ve dihat weandin. Ji sala 1939 heya 1949an.

28/ Kovara Str: Ji aliy Kamuran Bedirxan ve di navbera sala 1943-1945an dihat weandin, hinek mijarn xwe bi ziman Firans dihat weandin.

29/ Kovara Kirokal Minalan: Kovarek pemne di herm de ku ji bo zarokan perwerda wan peroja wan dihat weandin di sala 1946an de li Mehabad ji aliy mela Qadir Medres ve.

30/ Kovara Hawar Nitman: Koverkek heftane b. Ya xortn Kurd di komara Mehabad de.

31/Kovara Hewlr: Kovarak and, heftane di sala 1950 de li Hewlr ji aliy Komela Mamustayn Kurd ve dihat weandin.

32/ Kovar efeq: Kovarek wjey zanyar civak b. Li Kerkuk ji aliy Ebdulqadir Berzenc ve pit w Abdulah Goran ve ji sala 1958an ve dihat weandin.

Gelek kovar rojnameyn Kurd bi nav Halala, Hataw, Hwa, Newroz, Deng Qutabiyan, Afret hatine weandin. Wek d gelek kovar rojnamn politk yn partiyan kesayetiyn siyas hatine weanidin bi ziman Kurd Ereb. Wek: Rizgar, Xebat, Kurdistan, Rgay Kurdistan, Pmerge, her weha Balyozxana navendn Kultur yn dewletn biyan, hinek kovar rojname bi ziman Kurd weandin e, mna: Akawer wedaw, peyam, Deng Kt Zade, Jiyanew, Tgihitin Rast.

Cih rojnama kovarn Kurd pir mezine di droka wjeya Kurd lgerna w de. Ji ber ku bne hm bingehn smn ji pola bo parastin a ziman Kurd pvebirina w, y ku hetab asta tunebn, her weha bi riya rojnama kovarn Kurd ve belge zanyar li ser wjeya Kurd belavbn. di riya wan re habestvan nivskarn Kurd  hinek berhemn wana hatin ekere kirin. awa ku ziman Kurd tekona heyn dikir her weha rojnama kovarn Kurd j, bi w tekon re yekbn berdewam dikirin. Eger ro hinek tit -ku iqa hindik j bin- em ser wejeya Kurd di zanin anda gel Kurd xwe zanibin ew bisaya roinamevaniya kurd ku  gehan v roj, par keda apemeniya Kurd t de heye. Rojnamevaniya kurd oreger welatperwer e her dem li cem gel xwe azarn w re b tkoere li dij ewisandin 3u rn dijmin n ser w gel me.

 

Tbn : ev gotar bo brann 3 nsan roja rojnamevaniya kurd ye.