Girew hevrik di navbera Mr Hekariya Paay Behdnan da

 

 

Nivskar: Ehmed Qeren

Transkrpsiyon(Tpguhestin): Halloc Lar

 

Li herma Kurdistan xasma li devera Behdnan bi ptn aram gelek pirtk bi zaravay kurmanc hatine apkirin gelek lgern j li kovar rojnameyn herm hatine weandin.L sed heyf mixabin, her iqas bi kurmanc j hatine weandin ji ber ku bi ptn aram hatine nivsn, kurdaxvn ku ptn aram nizanin, nikarin mifa ji van pirtk lgernn giranbuha werbigirin.Xwebextane v dawiy bi xra pvena teknolojiy, kurd j ji xr bereketa nternet sdmend bn bir rya w piek j be, hay ji kurdn pareyn d bn xasma di warn kultur siyas de.

L parebna alfabeya ziman kurd li piya xurtbna tkiliyn kultur de rgireke mezin e.Lewra div em bi kar jiholrakirina v rgir rabin destpk j div weanxane,nivskar wergern me, bikevin bin v bar.Bi rast j li devera Behdnan gelek pirtkn folklork n pir binirx hatine apkirin l kurdn me yn ku ptn aram nizanin hay j nne.

Ya d j div em ji aliy zimn ve sd ji edebiyat folklora devera Behdnan werbigirin.Bo nimne eger em bala xwe bidin pirtkn ku li Behdnan hatine apkirin em gelek dyom peyven resen n kurd peyda bikin ku hatine jibrkirin. L ez nabjim em kurdiya li Behdnan bikin googlea ziman kurd.Ji aliy rastnivsandin peyvn ereb n li devoka behdn, gelek rexne li ziman medyaya devera Behdnan t girtin.Dsa ji ber ku hem ne nivsar destpk bi zaravay soran tn weandin pae ji soran tn veguhestin,di radyo televzyonn herma Kurdistan de rziman tevna ziman soran, bere bere gef li tevna devoka behdn dixwe.(Tewandin,daritina cumlewd)

Xulase kurmanc dikare di gelek warn ziman de sd ji edebiyat folklora li devera Behdnan werbigire.Ez dixwazim li vir nimneyeke bik ji dewlemendiya berhemn ku bi ptn aram hatine nivsn, pber xwendevann kurd bikim.Ev nivsara giranbuha ji aliy Ehmed Qeren ve hatiye nivsin.

 

Girew hevrik di navbera Mr Hekariya Paay Behdnan da

 

Nivskar: Ehmed Qeren

Transkrpsiyon(Tpguhestin):Halloc Lar

 

Hekariya Behdnan(1) du mrgehn Kurdistan bn ku pitiriya caran digel hev da teba bn hevbindiyn ba mifagor di navbera wan da hebn bi taybet ji aliy zanist homendiy ve.Lewma j gelek caran girew hevrik di navbera wan da dibn ku her yek bizav dikir bi ser kevt pkeftin dadperwer homendiya xwe biselmnt. Di ev gotara kurt da bi fer dizanin hinek ji wan girew hevrikiyan tomar bikin ku li saln hetyan da min li devern cda cda yn Behdnan xirve kiribn li diwf haydariya min hta i  caran nehatine belavkirin.

 

1-Rewanbj Selqa peyvan

Rojek paay Amdiy dibte mvan Mr Hekariyan, dwana girtb, hemiyan guh xwe dida suhbeta mr paay ku her yek hewla behskirina ba saloxteyn devern xwe dida. Di nav germe germa suhbet da Mr Hekariyan gote homend xwe:Bo me nav gund Mrgeha Hekariyan bje, ewn li ser yek selqe. Homend j dest p kir nav heft gundn li ser yek k selqe gotin: Xenanis,Koanis,eranis,Maryonis,Antus,Kitunis,Kutranis,Zerkanis,Xendelanis,Peyanis

Paey Amdiy mvann hazir heybet man ev hinre e                      ciband imk cih anaziy ye ku navn gundn deverek bi selqeka hosa xwe hatine navkirin egera ev navkirin j weku tte vegerandin ku ev heft gund ji aliy jinek ve hatine avakirin ku nav w Nis b lewma j nav xwe li ser  hemiyan danaye.Paey Amdiy avry homend xwe b ku ew j hinreka hosa berav bike.Homend Behdna j ma li homend Hekar nr got:Eve iye wek irkuney bye ws wsa te, nis nis nis nis. Homend Behdna v da navn gund devera xwe gotin:Aava,Lnava,Xaziyava,Bgova,Hucava,Karava,Reava,Znava,Rikava,Germava,Hzava,Xercava,Nihava

Homend Behdna ji himend Hekariya zivir got:Eve selqa navan hem avedan nan jn serkeftin. Paay Amdiy j ber xwe da Mr Hekariya girnij meclis j t gehit ku y dibje me girew ji hewe bireve.

2-Zorzan xwe derbaskirin ji delvn teng

Di berdewambna hevrikiyn hizr da delve wesa hat bo wext vxwarin sifre hatine danan terzn girar teaman rz bn.ax v xwarin denkeka pelav bi rhn paay Amdiy ve mab, homend Behdna viya paay agahdar biket by kes hest biket daku nebte cih kmas pkenn, na bi dengek bilind gote paay daku hemyan guh l bt:Eve heyamek e rek ketiye Kaniya Dehl(2) u di hal xelk nehlaye. Paa t gehit dest xwe bi rhn xwe ra na xwar got:Ba e d d eliyan hinrin daku w mesel are bikin. Ji bil homend(3) Mr Hekariyan kes d bi ev kar nehesiya w zan ku homend Amdiy xwe paay xwe derbaz kirin.Pit vxwarin car care vexwarin kakil bo mvanan dihatine danan. Yek ji wan caran avemast hate pkkirin.Dilopeka avemast bi rihn Mr Hekariya ve ma, homend w viya agahdar bike by kes p bihest got:Qir rte hlna xwe. Civat hemiy ber xwe da mr pk ve kire ken.Ev car j homend Mr Hekariya dorand.

 

4-Dadperwer Parastina Jngeh

Mr Hekariya Paay Behdna diyar bo hevdu dihinartin, her diyariyek raman hza xwe hebye.Carek Mr Hekariya ax kvyek hejde sal bo Mr Behdna hinart.(Eve j nana dadperweriya w ye ku kes nikart ji qann destra rav nran der bit imk pezkv bigehte hejde saliy nehte kutin, titek entke ye.) Dem ev diyariye gehitye Paay Behdna, zor p t gote aqilmend mrxas arezayn rav nran ku bigern bizanin kvyek ji hejde sal li welat heye yan hebye heta axn w bo Mr bihinrt biselmnt ku dadweriya w pitir e ji dadweriya Mr Hekariya. Cab hinartin Gare Metna Lnk hem cihn as imk peydakirin vedtina kvyek ji hejde salan mezintir karek sanah nne.Pit ev xeber deng vedayeve yek hat got min kvyek bst d sal li Geliy Bl(4) li nizar iyay Metna dtiye nuha j her may. liyn paay n xwe li ber dana kotin. L bel wek kvyeke kete xwar axek w ikest end gir l bezir bn. Paay ferman derxist ku ew gundn dewrberan biin ew xz berhwrkn w geliy kv l kut serad bjing bikin. Pit zehmeteka zor ew pare gir dtin bo paay nan. Hostayan ew pareyn j vebne bi qolpn zr cebar kirneve bo Mr Hekariya hinart, wek belge dellek ji bo edalet dadweriya xwe ku ji ya Mr Hekariya pitir e.

4-Hevrikiya li ser xwarin

Yek ji hevrikiyn di navbera herd mrgehan da ew b ku jivan hatine danan daku iwcn(5) herd aliyan hevrikiy li ser xwarin bikin. Cara yek iwc Paay Amdiy li dwana Mr Hekariya berhev b.Di ahengeka dilxwe da sifre ji bo wc Behdna dana,iwc j kefte ser ew girar ral nan hey hem xwar her mabeyn mabeyn j ava tez ya zozana bi ser da dikir xwarin hel dikir.Dem iwc Hekariya hat Amdiy ewan j sifreka mezin bo xemlan di navbera her snkeka girar yeka din amanek tehna (A Hevindika)(6) danab. IWc Hekariya j her pariyek girar yek tehn dixwar, heta dil w hatiye girtin keft p qotan. Hemiyan p kire ken  dorandina w mukirand. Dwv da fehris mrxasn herd aliyan xwe amade kir ne qada (7) hevrikiyn meydan berdewam bn li ser barsengan li dumahiy Paay Amdiy Mr Hekariya zelamn serkeft biryeve xelat kirin.

5-Ji bil girew berkaniyn derbar rewanbj,werzi, siwarakiy ,dadperwer sinetkariy gelek caran birkan,havtineberk hevpeyvn di navbera air,zana nivskarn herd mrgehan da bne nexasme di ewan arsed saln herdyan hukimdar li devern Hekar Behdnan dikir. Li Hekariya air ilmdarn mezin hebne weku El Herr(8),Melay Beyat(9),Pertuy Hekar(10) Weda(11). Li Behdnan wek Mela Mensur Grga(12) Xalid Axay Zbar(13) x Nuredn Birfkan(14) Bekir Beg Erz(15).Li vir da weku biyang belge d yek ji wan hevpeyvnn di navbera Melay Betay Mela Mensr Grga da tomar keyn daku hinek laynn aristanet rewenbr di navbera herd mrgehan da xuya bibin dahat d layyn pitir akere ket i li ser ast folklor kelepr kevin i li ser ast edeb nivsk unewarn drn n herd deveran ku ji gelek aliyan ve wekhev temamkern hev in.L digel hem bizav hewln xemxor camran ewn divn aliyn tar yn wan hevbendiyan rnak bikin. Hevpeyvna Melay Batey Mela Mensr akareka mezin e serpika v bizav ye ku li destpk Mela Mensr dibje:

Grga:

Selama min seher xz

Ji ehbazan eker rz

Ji mewca fitne engz

Li te ey Bat Hekar

Ji eqda dur mirwar

Ji lutfa xaliq bar

Batey:

Ji lutf inayet

Here got herabet

Ji smaya bit lat

Tuy Mensr rehman

Bibn fincan xaqan

Xuya b sir sultan

Grga:

Ji sira xaliq ekber

Biritim tk ez yekser

Dil min bye yek cewher

Me d b nur rehman

Ji hubba reb yezdan

Bi ecsam di ruhan

Batey:

i ecsamt hebabin ew

Ti men da wisa bin ew

Hiln perd ku rabin ew

Ti av da xuya mayn

Li ber tav vewestayn

Ji metn qesid menayn

Grga:

Ji metn cezme keafe

Qedeh dam tij ave

Esed meiya bi dora ve

Li lewh sad en nn

Muqabil dureke meknn

We sunbul get hem meqrn

Batey:

Muqarin b ji w burc

Meqasid wa tuy durc

Ti bnim herdem ez mewc

Esed ba sunbula sede

Ku tda cewherek ferde

Ji eltaf ekre wede

Grga:

ekre bar ji lelna

Be aret dab nesrna

Ku xemra bade rengna

Vi seraha deqen dsa

iray da me j sa

Me mey no bi namsa

Batey:

Mi mey no bi namsa

Sivik ez me pa bsa

Ewe emat fansa

Nigarn hat peymane

Ji eql kirme dwane

Ezim naar perwane

Gfga:

Ezim naar b perwa

Reqb ji bo mi kir ekwa

Muxenn ji bo mi da fetwa

Mi lez kir me meyxan

Ku ew zide li imkan

erab da me bi fincan

Batey:

eraba nab yaqt

Berata q laht

Yeqn laht ji nast

Ti alem da cihangre

Ezara em dilgre

Niha bn xencer re

Grga:

Nihan iq medme

Me by misk mextme

Ku suret cuz melme

We ferze lazim zhar kn

Mueter  enber efan kn

nabt mexf sirar kn

Batey:

Ji sira neq subh

Ji ekl adem nh

(Nifixt fe min ruh)

Mueyiyen tte telm

i bjim husn teqwm

Bede bte tefhim

Grga:

Bede bte mkan

Mueref xet seywan

Reqem ge b ti dwan

Ji sa b heta Ehmed

Bixnn nuqteya eswed

Hisaba cizmeya ebced

Batey:

Hisab ebceda vn

Ku min d b li ayn

Nezer da xaneya n

ubih zulif xet xalin

Bi remiz cezbe halin

Ji (man) neqi timsalin

Grga:

Muneqe kir bi per gar

Ji renga badeya tar

Mukemel berd enwar

Muselsel zulif serke

Du lelen taze derpe

Smata iq pir e

Batey:

Smata iq rencre

Geh nare geh nre

Eve ya qence Mensre

Ti bim sewda di sehray

Ji berqa dm smay

Bikey kotah niay

Grga:

Bel Batey d kutah kim

Bi heqiq srey qaf kim

Mecaz iq d saf kim

Ji v nia men

Bi w secdad tahay

Me dur ann ji deryay

Batey:

i dur b lefzeke xwe b

Qelem te ji enbera re b

ukir xet me gul ge b

Di men da qew kre

Reand ry kafre

Minim medah Mensre

 

Ev hinek bn ji renvedena hevbendiyn di navbera herd Mrgehn Hekar Behdnan(16) ku endn ast vegirtin ro bne keleprek netewey ku fer e bn twjandin rovekirin nexasme ew deq kirdarn heta nuha nehatiye nivsn. Ji bil deqn rn hatne parastin ew beytn dihatine nivsn desxet di mezgeft li cem camran diman dbare dihatineve veguhastin bi rnivska ciwan rnvekir. Berhemn Melay Betay li nav xelk di belav bn i xwendewar yan j nexwendewar heta hinek ji wan digel niza qewln zdiyan tkel bne. Ji ber v eger me ev ra silal xiste di nav girew berikaniyn kelepr da.(17)

 

Perawz:

 

(1) Hekar Behdnan d mrgehn kurdan e bi ser k ve bne nav van di jdern drok da bi hev re dn dihne vegeran ku babkalk mrn Behdnan ji emznan hatiye li bajar Amdiy rnitiye kiriye paytext mrgeha xwe(Behdnan) di mawey pitir ji arsed salan da 36 mran hukimdar kiriye.Her weha mrn Hekariyan j ku paytext wan Colemrg bye, hevbendiyn wan digel mrn Behdnan zorbey caran diba pir hevkar dostayet byne.Her wesa digel mrgehn din j bi taybet mrgeha Botan.

(2) Kaniya Dehl, kaniyeke dikeve jriya gund Eredna Jor li beroj iyay Metna.

(3) Homend,anku aqilmend dereceka karbidestiy b ku her mrek kurdan yek ya end aqilmend hebn rawjkar p dikir.Li mrgeha Behdnan j sa Dela bi nav dengtirn homend bye ku ta niha j serhat serbor retn w din av xelk dever da di belav in.

(4)Geliy Bl, geliyek as rl himbiz kr e.Kaniyeke zelal bo t da dihte xwar li Dergel ji aliy jor ve gundek bik xwe her bi nav Bl heye cnk bistann xwe bi w av sexbr dikin dwvra ew ava bo dihte xwar bi gund Dergela Msa Beg avkiriye.

(5) Iwc, ew mirov corek yaneka zde ji xelk d hebt ji bo xwarin digel hind j bihz qudret in.Ev nave wek di serbor serhatiyn kevin drn da hatn ku wc ew kabra bye ku alikariya Nuh Pxember kiriye bo komkirina daran daku gemiya xwe p bike.

(6) A Hevindka, Hevindika gundek bik e dikevte nizar iyay Gare y nzk Amdiy.Aveke bo t da tihte xwar dibjin end a li ser w av hebne ji wan heft an tehn ku tehna wan j ya binavdeng bye.

(7) Qad:Gorepan,Meydan,din av hinek jdern drok da hatiye dibjn Xirga.

(8) El Herr(1530-1600) ar here peng kurd.Dwaneke r heye,rn w sivik rewan in zorbeyan j cor Musemet in.

(9) Melay Batey(1675-1760),ar mezin y devera Hekariyan berhemn w ji lrk(xezel,qesde) epk(roke r)pk hatiye end caran ap bne.

(10) Pertew Hekar(1756-1825)arek devera Hekariya ye dwaneka r heye ku ji qesde xezelan pk hatiye, hatiye apkirin.

(11) Weda(1790-1850?) arek desthel bye di ra fars kurd da ku rn w yn kurd ji lrk beytan pk hatine endn rdann dever t da tomar kirine ji ewan serhatiyn x Beg Mr Hekariyan.

(12) Mela Mensr Grga, ji hozanvann serax dem Mela Hisn Batey bye.Ev ra w ya duqol digel Batey da geleka bi navdeng e end caran ap bye.

(13)Xalid Axay Zbar,hevax Mela Mensr Grga bye,jnengera w hta bi dirust xuya nebye,l di kitba Minhil Alawliya da hatiye behskirin ku li 1784 ji Msil bar kiriye ye gundek iyay ji ber ku nexweiyek li Msil belav bib dihte gotin nav w gund e ku li nz Akr ye.

(14) x Nuredn Birfkan(1792-1852) li Dihok ji dayk bye endn kitb bi ziman ereb danayine dwaneke ran bi ziman kurd heye.

(15)Bekir Beg Erz,airek binavdeng Behdnan e li gund Erz li iyay Metnay jiyaye,ji bil ku arek hevax Mela Mensr Grga bye, hunermendek mezin j bye end peykern pir biha dirust kirine.

(16) Ev serhatiyn silal min ji zardev van camran wergirtiye digel hevd hevber kirne:

-Emer Proy li gund Eredin li bihara 1984 ku jiy wnzk 60 sal bn.

-Hemd Br li gund Br li sala 1987 ku jiy w nzk 100 sal bn.

-Mecd Ash li gund Asih li sala 1987 ku jiy w nzk 70 salan b.

(17) Serhatiyn li vre hatne belavkirin min digel endn seraveyn mejy edeb hevber kirin ji zor aliyan ve hevdu digirtin.  

Tbn:Ev nivsar ji Kovara Asoy Folklor hatiye wergirtin.Asoy Folklor kovareke folklork e wezareta kultur ya herma Kurdistan derdixe.Ev nivsara giranbuhe ya Ehmed Qeren di jimara 26- ya Asoy Folklor da(2007) hatiye belavkirin.

 

 

 

 

 

apkirin

copyright 2002-2008 info@pen-kurd.org