Dem di Kurmanciya Bakur de - II
 
Dr. Zerdet Haco
 
Di be p de ji v babet ez li ser  dem hevgirdann dem di ziman me de rawestiya bm. Di v besh IIan de ez dixwazim, gengeiy li ser v pirsa rziman berdewam bikim. Weke min ber j nivs b, gava mirov diaxivin, ew di axaftina xwe de s ppelkn dem bi kar tnin, ango bi git 3 cawaziyn dem di mjiy her mirovek de hene, ew j ev in:
  1. Dema Bihr (Bor)
  2. Dema Niha
  3. Dema Peroj (Dema  B)
 
Bel di axaftin de ev her 3 ppelk tr nakin, ku mirov hem hevgirdann dem derbire. Ji ber v yek zanyarn ziman li ser sistmn dem di zimanan de diaxivin. Min ber niha j mnaka ziman elman da b, y ku t de 6 ppelkn dem hene. Bi van her 6 ppelkan (Prsens, Prteritum, Perfekt, Plusquamperfekt, Futur I, Futur II) axvdar elman dikare 15 wateyan derbire.
Di rzimaniya elman rzimann hin zimann d yn ewrop de mirov rast w dijwariy t, ku zanyarn zimann wan navek li her ppelkek kirine, bi ser ko hin ji wan ppelkan dikarin bhtir ji wateyek di bin xwe de binixumnin. Em kjan ppelk di ziman elman yan y inglz de bigirin, em bibnin, ko karn w bhtir in ji nav ko l hatiye kirin. Ji ber v yek min ber niha pigriya pniyara birz Hseyin Kartal kiri b, ku em di rzimaniya ziman xwe de ppelkn rziman bi hijmaran bi nav bikin. Di be IIan de ji v lkoln ez dixwazim li ser avay (pergal/Form) karn (naveroka dem ya) her ppelkeke
dem di Kurmanciya Bakur de rawestim. Mr Celadet Bedirxan li gor lkolnn xwe 7 ppelkn dem 4 rewn bilan ji Kurmanciya nivsk re ferm kirine. Li jr ez wan bi hijmaran bi nav bikim:
 
Ppelkn dem             Kurtiya navn wan                                          Tgna latn
 
Dema Niha                              DN                              Paesens
 
Dema Bor I                                DB I                            Praeteritum
Dema Bor  II                              DB II                           Imperfekt
 
Dema Bor III                             DB III                          Perfekt
Dema Bor IV                             DB IV                          Plusquamperfekt
 
Dema B *  I                               D B I                          Futur I
Dema B     II                              D B II                        Futur II
 
*(ji ber gengeiyn li ser peyvn peroj paeroj bi daw ne hatine, ez tgna peroj di v gotar de bi kar naynim)
 
 
 
 
 
Rewn Bilan :
 
Bilan I                         Bl I                              Konjunktiv I
Bilan II                        Bl II                             Konjunktiv II
Bilan III                       Bl III                            Konjunktiv III
Bilan IV                      Bl IV                           Konjunktiv IV
 
 
Avay karn ppelkn dem:
 
1. Avay kar Dema Niha (DN)
 
1.1. Avayiya Dema Niha
 
Heta ku mirov kari be Dema Niha  ava bike, div mirov
  1.  
    lkera kurmanc ya netewand (neivand: Infinitiv) nas bike,
mnak: ketin, kirin, xwestin; n, kirn, dan
-Em dizanin, ku qurim lkera neivand yan bi tpeke dengdar (Konsonat) yan bi tpeke dengdr (Vokal) bi daw t-.
 
b. rewa ferman: Imperativ) ya lker zani be,
    mnak: bikeve, bike, bixwaze; bie, bikire, bide
     
c. qurim Dema Niha ji qurim rewa ferman t standin
qurim Dema Niha, mnak: kev, k, xwaz; , kir, d
.   Dema Niha bi arkariya prkta di, ya ku dikeve piya qurim de
            nann pronavan t ava kirin, ango
 
di + qurim DN + nann pronavan (im, , e, in, in in)
           
Mnak:
Ez                      Tu                    Ew                   Em             Hn            Ew
                        dikevim            dikev               dikeve              dikevin              
                        dikim                dik                  dike                 dikin                    
                        dixwazim         dixwaz            dixwaze            dixwazin          
 
diim                  di                   die                  diin                     
                        dikirim              dikir                dikire               dikirin                 
                        didim                did                  dide                 didin                         
 
 
Ev qeyda avakirina Dema Niha li hem lkrn neivand (Infinitiv), yn dawiya qurimn  wan bi tpeke dengdar yn dawiya qurimn wan  bi tpeke dengdr bi daw dibe, t.
Bel qurm Dema Niha ji lkern neivand (Infinitiv), yn ku dawiya qurimn wan bi tpeke dengdr (Vokal) bi daw dibe, dikare bi git li gor qeydeke d j were standin. Ev qeyd, ya ku ji min re n b, min di simnarek de, y ku min birz Hseyin Kartal li Hamburg ji mamosteyn ziman kurmanc re bi r ve dibir, bihst. Mamoste Xiyas Zaroj-Strk ev qeyd derxistiye:
 
Gava qurim lkereke neivand (Infinitiv) bi tpeke dengdr (Vokal) bi daw bibe, pwist nake, ko d em qurim Dema Niha ji qurim rewa ferman
werbigirin. Qurm Dema Niha yn van lkeran bi v away j dikare were standin:
a. dawiya lkera neivand (Infinitiv), ya ko ten  n ye, dikeve, n; kir n; da n
b. ew tpa dengdr j, ya ku qurim p bi daw dibe, dikve, n; kir n;dan
c. qurimn Dema Niha yn van her s lkeran ev in: ,  kir,  d (li 1.1. c. binre!)
 
 
 
1.2. kar Dema Niha
 
Bi git ppelka dem ya Dema Niha 3 rewan dinixumne:
 
a. Ew dide xuya kirin, ku kirinek, byerek, rewek di klka axaftina axavdr de dibe, mnak:             ez dixwnim
Bi arkariya hokeran mirov dikare v rew zelaltir bike: Ez niha (v klk) dixwnm.
 
b. Ew dikare dirj yan kurtiya dem bide xuya kirin:
Mnak:                         ez li Amed dixwnim
Bi arkariya hokeran mirov dikare v rew zelaltir bike:
Ev 2 sal/3 sal/ 5 sal (2 roj/ 3 roj/ 5 roj) in, ez li Amed dixwnim.
 
c. Ew dide xuya kirin, ku kirinek hertim xwe vedigerne (bye adet: usuell)
Mnak:                         Ew rojnam dixwne
Bi arkariya hokeran mirov dikare v rew zelaltir bike:
Ew her roj rojnam dixwne
Byern xwezay j, yn ko ne di destn miroan de ne, dikevine bin v xal:
Mnak:                         roj dihile
                                    Mirov radizin
                                    str diirisin
                       
 
Wek d Dema niha dikare di bin hin mercan de karn ppelkn hin demn din j bigire ser xwe li na wan were bi kar ann.
 
Li na Deme B I:
Mnak:                         Em vedigerine welt
Bi arkariya hokeran mirov dikare v rew zelaltir bike:
                                    Pit demek em vedigerine welt
 
 
Li na Dema Bor II (Boriya rok/Drok):
 
Sala 1946an, eskern dakrkeran tn bi ser Mehabad de digirin endamn mriya kurd bi dar ve dikin, ...
 
........... w bidome